Experimental Investigation of Intake Diesel Aerosol Fuel Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engine Combustion and Emissions


External mixture formation (PFI) of a diesel fuel aerosol has employed to investigate the diesel HCCI engine combustion and emissions characteristics. The key to the external mixture formation with diesel fuel is the proper fuel/air mixture preparation. A proposed intake diesel fuel aerosol system mainly consists of a small chamber, in which the diesel fuel is fully vaporized by means of fuel cavitation inside the diesel injector nozzle. Nozzle cavitation is mainly affected by the injection pressure and the fuel system temperature. Results obtained reveal that the proposed method determines the possibility of producing a complete homogeneous fuel/air mixture, which can be applied to the diesel HCCI engine. With this method, the combustion and emission behavior were entirely optimized and the engine is capable of running in HCCI combustion mode with nearly ideal mixture preparation. In the present investigation, a methodology for the HCCI combustion mode of the diesel aerosol/air mixtures based on the fuel cavitation inside the injector nozzle parameters (such as the injection pressure and the fuel system temperature where fuel premixed ratio, NOx, CO, CO2, and HC emissions) have analyzed. Based on the engine performance and emissions characteristics the fuel injection pressure and the fuel system temperature have optimized to produce a suitable fuel premixed ratio and the perfect fuel/air mixture homogeneity at different engine operating conditions. The optimal injection pressure ranges between 150 - 200 bars, while the fuel system temperature lies within 175 - 200. Loops of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) are used to extend the engine load by controlling the combustion phasing.

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Elkelawy, M. (2014) Experimental Investigation of Intake Diesel Aerosol Fuel Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engine Combustion and Emissions. Energy and Power Engineering, 6, 513-526. doi: 10.4236/epe.2014.614045.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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