Share This Article:

Urban Noise in a Metropolitan Towns

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:3183KB) PP. 163-176
DOI: 10.4236/oja.2014.44017    3,003 Downloads   3,766 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This study is aimed at bringing out the salient aspects of urban noise and its study and control aspects, at different location of a metropolitans town. Field measurements at different points of times a day have also been recorded at a number of high-traffic-intensity locations on main roads of towns. The data obtained are analyzed using SPSS package for calculation through ANOVA technique and the findings of these studies have been recorded. The variation of SPL considering the time of the day has been studied and illustrated through graphical plots. It shows that the peak early morning max sound pressure levels observed over the recommended limiting value. In some places, the low frequency noise predominates in the early morning hours, noise levels are significant among and within the 15 groups. The variation of sound pressure (Maximum, Minimum and L equivalent readings) levels as shown in the graphical plots, the Maximum and L equivalent levels exceeded the recommended noise level. Important conclusions of this work have been drawn subsequently.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Ravinder, L. and Belachew, M. (2014) Urban Noise in a Metropolitan Towns. Open Journal of Acoustics, 4, 163-176. doi: 10.4236/oja.2014.44017.

References

[1] Crocker, M.J. (1998) Handbook of Acoustic. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
[2] Harris, C.M. (1994) Noise Control in Building. McGraw-Hill, New York.
[3] Beranek, L.L. (1992) Noise and Vibration Control Engineering. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
[4] Harris, M. (1957) Handbook of Noise Control. McGraw Hill, New York.
[5] Day, B.F., Ford, R.D. and Lord, P. (1994) Building Acoustic. Elsevier Publishing Company Ltd., Amsterdam.
[6] Kinsler, L.E. and Frey, A.R. (1991) Fundamentals of Acoustic. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
[7] Walker, J.G., et al. (1995) An Investigation of Noise from Train on Bridge. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 193, 307-314.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jsvi.1996.0271
[8] Skinner, C.J. and Grimwood, C.J. (2005) Population Exposure and Attitudes to Environmental Noise. Journal of Applied Acoustic, 66, 231-243.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apacoust.2004.07.009
[9] Nooralahiyan, A.Y. and Kirby, H.R. (1998) Vehicle Classification by Acoustic Signature. Journal of Applied Acoustic, 27, 205-214.
[10] Thorsson, P.J. (2004) Macroscopic Modeling of Urban Traffic Noise—Influence of Absorption & Vehicle Flow Distribution. Journal of Applied Acoustic, 66, 195-209.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apacoust.2004.07.013
[11] Pandya, G.H. (1999) Urban Noise: A Need of Acoustic Planning. National Environmental Engineering, Research Institute, Nagpur.
[12] Gökdag, M., et al. (2005) A Traffic Noise Prediction Method Based on Vehicle Composition Using Genetic Algorithms. Applied Acoustics, 66, 799-809.
[13] Tansatchs, M., Pamanikabud, P., Brown, A.L. and Affum, J.K. (2005) Motorway Noise Modeling Based on Perpendicular Propagation Analysis of Traffic Noise. Applied Acoustic, 66, 1135-1150.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apacoust.2005.02.002
[14] Agard, F.C. (2004) On the Use of Perforations to Improve the Sound Absorption of Porous Materials. Applied Acoustic, 66, 625-651.
[15] Fitzgerald, B.M. (1996) The Development and Implementation on Noise Control Measures on an Urban Railway. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 193, 377-385. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jsvi.1996.0278
[16] Picaut, J. (2005) Experimental Study of Sound Propagation in a Street. Applied Acoustic, 66, 149-173.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apacoust.2004.07.014
[17] Moore, J.E. (1966) Design for Noise Reduction. Architectural Press, London.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.