Overview of Maximum Power Point Tracking Control Methods for PV Systems

Abstract

Maximum power point tracking (MPPT) controllers play an important role in photovoltaic systems. They maximize the output power of a PV array for a given set of conditions. This paper presents an overview of the different MPPT techniques. Each technique is evaluated on its ability to detect multiple maxima, convergence speed, ease of implementation, efficiency over a wide output power range, and cost of implementation. The perturbation and observation (P & O), and incremental conductance (IC) algorithms are widely used techniques, with many variants and optimization techniques reported. For this reason, this paper evaluates the performance of these two common approaches from a dynamic and steady state perspective.

Share and Cite:

Babaa, S. , Armstrong, M. and Pickert, V. (2014) Overview of Maximum Power Point Tracking Control Methods for PV Systems. Journal of Power and Energy Engineering, 2, 59-72. doi: 10.4236/jpee.2014.28006.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] Subudhi, B. and Pradhan, R. (2013) A Comparative Study on Maximum Power Point Tracking Techniques for Photovoltaic Power Systems. IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, 4, 89-98.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TSTE.2012.2202294
[2] Gurung, A. (2011) Green Investing 2011. Reducing the Cost of Financing. World Economic Forum USA Inc., USA.
[3] Martinot, E. and Sawin, J.L. (2012) Renewables 2012 Global Status Report. Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century.
[4] Esram, T. and Chapman, P.L. (2007) Comparison of Photovoltaic Array Maximum Power Point Tracking Techniques. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 22, 439-449.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.2006.874230
[5] Faranda, R. and Leva, S. (2008) Energy Comparison of MPPT Techniques for PV Systems. WSEAS Transactions on Power Systems, 3, 447-455.
[6] Sera, D., Kerekes, T., Teodorescu, R. and Blaabjerg, F. (2006) Improved MPPT Method for Rapidly Changing Environmental Conditions. 2006 IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, 2, 1420-1425. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISIE.2006.295680
[7] Femia, N., Lisi, G., Petrone, G., Spagnuolo, G. and Vitelli, M. (2008) Distributed Maximum Power Point Tracking of Photovoltaic Arrays: Novel Approach and System Analysis. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 55, 2610-2621. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2008.924035
[8] Ali, A.N.A., Saied, M.H., Mostafa, M.Z. and Abdel-Moneim, T.M. (2012) A Survey of Maximum PPT Techniques of PV Systems. 2012 IEEE Energytech, Cleveland, 29-31 May 2012, 1-17.
[9] Narendiran, S. (2013) Grid Tie Inverter and MPPT—A Review. 2013 International Conference on Circuits, Power and Computing Technologies (ICCPCT), 20-21 March 2013, 564-567.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICCPCT.2013.6529017
[10] Barakati, M., Kazerani, M. and Aplevich, D. (2009) Maximum Power Tracking Control for a Wind Turbine System Including a Matrix Converter. IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, 24, 705-713.
[11] Chen, L.R., Tsai, C.H., Lin, Y.L. and Lai, Y.S. (2010) A Biological Swarm Chasing Algorithm for Tracking the PV Maximum Power Point. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 25, 484-493.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.2009.2038067
[12] Elgendy, M.A., Zahawi, B. and Atkinson, D.J. (2012) Assessment of Perturb and Observe MPPT Algorithm Implementation Techniques for PV Pumping Applications. IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, 3, 21-33.
[13] Femia, N., Petrone, G., Spagnuolo, G. and Vitelli, M. (2005) Optimization of Perturb and Observe Maximum Power Point Tracking Method. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 20, 963-973.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2005.850975
[14] Dorofte, C., Borup, U. and Blaabjerg, F. (2005) A Combined Two-Method MPPT Control Scheme for Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems. 2005 European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications, Dresden, 11-14 September 2005, 10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/EPE.2005.219714
[15] Liu, C., Wu, B. and Cheung, R. (2004) Advanced Algorithm for MPPT Control of Photovoltaic Systems. Canadian Solar Buildings Conference, Montreal, 20-24 August 2004.
[16] Yafaoui, A., Wu, B. and Cheung, R. (2007) Implementation of Maximum Power Point Tracking Algorithm for Residenial Photovoltaic Systems. 2nd Canadian Solar Buildings Conference, Calgary, 10-14 June 2007.
[17] Subudhi, B. and Pradhan, R. (2012) A Comparative Study on Maximum Power Point Tracking Techniques for Photovoltaic Power Systems. IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, 4, 89-98.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TSTE.2012.2202294
[18] Giustiniani, A., Petrone, G., Spagnuolo, G. and Vitelli, M. (2010) Low-Frequency Current Oscillations and Maximum Power Point Tracking in Grid-Connected Fuel-Cell-Based Systems. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 57, 2042-2053. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2009.2034175
[19] Salas, V., Olias, E., Barrado, A. and Lazaro, A. (2006) Review of the Maximum Power Point Tracking Algorithms for Stand-Alone Photovoltaic Systems. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 90, 1555-1578. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2005.10.023
[20] Kuo, Y.C., Liang, T.J. and Chen, J.F. (2001) Novel Maximum-Power-Point-Tracking Controller for Photovoltaic Energy Conversion System. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 48, 594-601.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/41.925586
[21] Lee, J.H., Bae, H. and Cho, B.H. (2006) Advanced Incremental Conductance MPPT Algorithm with a Variable Step Size. 12th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference, EPE-PEMC 2006, Portoroz, 30 August-1 September 2006, 603-607.
[22] Tse, K.K., Chung, H.S.H., Hui, S.Y.R. and Ho, M.T. (2001) A Novel Maximum Power Point Tracking Technique for PV Panels. 2001 IEEE 32nd Annual Power Electronics Specialists Conference, PESC 2001, 4, 1970-1975.
[23] Coelho, R.F., Concer, F.M. and Martins, D.C. (2010) A MPPT Approach Based on Temperature Measurements Applied in PV Systems. 2010 9th IEEE/IAS International Conference on Industry Applications (INDUSCON), São Paulo, 8-10 November 2010, 1-6.
[24] Maheshappa, J.N.H.D. and Murthy, M.V. (1998) An Improved Maximum Power Point Tracker Using a Step-Up Converter with Current Locked Loop. Renewable Energy, 13, 195-201.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0960-1481(97)00071-2
[25] Chihchiang, H. and Chihming, S. (1998) Comparative Study of Peak Power Tracking Techniques for Solar Storage System. 13th Annual Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, APEC’98, Conference Proceedings 1998, 2, 679-685.
[26] Hilloowala, R.M. and Sharaf, A.M. (1992) A Rule-Based Fuzzy Logic Controller for a PWM Inverter in Photo-Voltaic Energy Conversion Scheme. Conference Record of the 1992 IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting, 1, 762-769.
[27] Karbakhsh, M., Abutorabi, H. and Khazaee, A. (2012) An Enhanced MPPT Fuzzy Control of a Wind Turbine Equipped with Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator. 2012 2nd International Conference on Computer and Knowledge Engineering (ICCKE), Mashhad, 18-19 October 2012, 77-82.
[28] Mahmoud, A.M.A., Mashaly, H.M., Kandil, S.A., El Khashab, H. and Nashed, M.N.F. (2000) Fuzzy Logic Implementation for Photovoltaic Maximum Power Tracking. 26th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, IECON 2000, 1, 735-740.
[29] Mahmoud, A.M.A., Mashaly, H.M., Kandil, S.A., El Khashab, H. and Nashed, M.N.F. (2000) Fuzzy Logic Implementation for Photovoltaic Maximum Power Tracking. Proceedings of 9th IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN 2000, Osaka, 27-29 September 2000, 155-160.
[30] Patcharaprakiti, N. and Premrudeepreechacharn, S. (2002) Maximum Power Point Tracking Using Adaptive Fuzzy Logic Control for Grid-Connected Photovoltaic System. IEEE Power Engineering Society Winter Meeting, 1, 372-377.
[31] Hiyama, T., Kouzuma, S. and Imakubo, T. (1995) Identification of Optimal Operating Point of PV Modules Using Neural Network for Real Time Maximum Power Tracking Control. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 10, 360-367. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/60.391904
[32] Zhang, L., Bai, Y.F. and Al-Amoudi, A. (2002) GA-RBF Neural Network Based Maximum Power Point Tracking for Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems. International Conference on Power Electronics, Machines and Drives, 4-7 June 2002, 18-23.
[33] Sayal, A. (2012) MPPT Techniques for Photovoltaic System under Uniform Insolation and Partial Shading Conditions. 2012 Students Conference on Engineering and Systems (SCES), Allahabad, 16-18 March 2012, 1-6.

Copyright © 2021 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.