Comparison between Different ESI Methods on Refractory Epilepsy Patients Shows a High Sensitivity for Bayesian Model Averaging


Electrical Source Imaging (ESI) is a non-invasive technique of reconstructing brain activities using EEG data. This technique has been applied to evaluate epilepsy patients being evaluated for epilepsy surgery, showing encouraging results for mapping interictal epileptiform discharges (IED). However, ESI is underused in planning epilepsy surgery. This is basically due to the wide availability of methods for solving the electromagnetism inverse problem (e-IP) associated to few studies using EEG setups similar to those most commonly used in clinical setting. In this study, we applied six different methods of solving the e-IP based on IEDs of 20 focal epilepsy patients that presented abnormalities in their MRI. We compared the ESI maps obtained by each method with the location of the abnormality, calculating the Euclidian distances from the center of the lesion to the closest border of the method solution (CL-BM) and also to the solution’s maxima (CL-MM). We also applied a score system in order to allow us to evaluate the sensitivity of each method for temporal and extra temporal patients. In our patients, the Bayesian Model Averaging method had a sensitivity of 86% and the shortest CL-MM. This method also had more restricted solutions that were more representative of epileptogenic activities than those obtained by the other methods.

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Maziero, D. , Castellanos, A. , Salmon, C. and Velasco, T. (2014) Comparison between Different ESI Methods on Refractory Epilepsy Patients Shows a High Sensitivity for Bayesian Model Averaging. Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, 7, 662-674. doi: 10.4236/jbise.2014.79066.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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