Performance of a Refrigeration Absorption Cycle Driven by Different Power Sources


In this study, performance assessment of absorption refrigeration cycle has been carried out under variable power sources namely electric, conventional fuel and renewable energy sources. The ammonia-water absorption cycle was used in this work, the temperatures at each point in the cycle such as generator, absorber, evaporator and condenser have been measured and with using absorption device system. The coefficient of performance and efficiency of the plant were measured and then compared. The results showed that when the cycle driven by electricity, the coefficient of performance varied 0.694 to 1.032 along the test time and the generator temperature changes from 48.1°C to 101.5°C with the average efficiency of 57.1% and average coefficient of performance of 0.78. When methane used as a fuel to generate power the coefficient of performance varied between 0.686 and 0.94 under the generator temperature of 123.3°C and 127.4°C and average efficiency of 40.02% with coefficient of performance of 0.735. Solar energy used as the alternative source of power which is the clean and safe power source and when the plant driven by the solar thermal energy, the coefficient of performance reached to 0.801 under the generator temperature of 91°C, but the system efficiency about 11.68% along the test time. Solar energy can be used efficiently and replaced the conventional power sources to drive the absorption refrigeration unit.

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Alsaqoor, S. and AlQdah, K. (2014) Performance of a Refrigeration Absorption Cycle Driven by Different Power Sources. Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, 5, 161-169. doi: 10.4236/sgre.2014.57015.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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