Pregnancy and Loneliness: The Therapeutic Value of 3D/4D Ultrasound


The fetal sensual and motoric equipment and its successful development within the maternal organism on the one hand, and the harmonic psycho-physic transformation and maturation of the woman into a mother on the other hand, are linked in dialectic inter-dependence. We describe situations in which the harmony of this process is disturbed. Visualization of the fetus in 3D and real time 3D (4D) can influence parental phantasies of the unborn, improve compromised bonding, or create bonding between fetus and (foster)-parents, and support understanding and even acceptance of fetal pathology.

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Honemeyer, U. & Kurjak, A. (2014). Pregnancy and Loneliness: The Therapeutic Value of 3D/4D Ultrasound. Psychology, 5, 744-752. doi: 10.4236/psych.2014.57085.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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