Share This Article:

Biomass Wastes: An Energy Option for Baja California, México

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:388KB) PP. 146-150
DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2014.24021    3,310 Downloads   4,169 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Cotton and wheat crops are essential part of the Baja California agricultural production. Such crops generate waste biomass after each harvest cycle, which is almost fully openly burned in order to clear land for the next cycle. Thus in the agricultural 2011 cycle, 542,000 tonnes of straw were generated from wheat in the Mexicali Valley. In addition, the residue from the cotton consisting of stalks exceeded 143,000 tonnes. All these residues are a source of energy that is discarded annually equivalent to 10.19 PJ. Therefore, in addition to determining the biomass potential available in the state from such wastes, the aim of this paper is to propose options for the use of the energy contained in the waste biomass considering the characteristics of raw material available and existing technologies. The results show that there is the potential to generate electricity with a system of 105 MW of installed capacity, and also obtain annually 6.4 million liters of biodiesel. Obtaining this biofuel is by a transesterification reaction of waste vegetable oils, considering an average efficiency of 80% conversion, based on experimental results obtained with mixtures from Mexicali.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Montero, G. , Coronado, M. , Campbell, H. , Cerezo, J. , Lambert, A. and Valenzuela, E. (2014) Biomass Wastes: An Energy Option for Baja California, México. Journal of Power and Energy Engineering, 2, 146-150. doi: 10.4236/jpee.2014.24021.

References

[1] Demirbas, F., Balat, M. and Balat, H. (2011) Biowastes-to-Biofuels. Energy Conversion and Management, 52, 1815-1828. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2010.10.041
[2] SENER (2010) Secretaría de Energía. Balance Nacional de Energía, 25.
[3] SENER (2006) Secretaría de Energía, Potencialidades y Viabilidad del uso del Bioetanol y Biodiesel para el Transporte en México.
[4] Coronado, M. (2010) Estudio de factibilidad de producción de energía a partir de aceite vegetal residual. Caso: Sector restaurantero. Tesis de maestría, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Mexicali.
[5] UNEP (2009) Converting Waste Agricultural Biomass into a Resource. Compendium of Technologies. The International Environmental Technology Centre. Osaka/Shiga, 441.
[6] Bain, R. (2012) The Task 33. Thermal Gasification of Biomass. International Energy Agency. http://128.131.132.12
[7] Meher, L., Sagar, V. and Naik, S. (2006) Technical Aspects of Biodiesel Production by Transesterification a Review. Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, 10, 248-268. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2004.09.002
[8] Zhang, Y., Dubé, M.A., McLean, D.D. and Kates, M. (2003) Biodiesel Production from Waste Cooking Oil: 1. Process Design and Technological Assessment. Bioresource Technology, 89, 1-16. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(03)00040-3
[9] SFA (2011) Anuario Estadístico de la producción Agrícola para el Estado de Baja California. http://www.sfa.gob.mx
[10] OEIDRUS (2012) Oficina Estatal de Información para el Desarrollo Rural Sustentable. Portal OEIDRUS Baja California. http://www.oeidrus-bc.gob.mx/oeidrus_bca/
[11] Gemtos, T. and Tsiricoglou, T. (1999) Harvesting of Cotton Residue for Energy Production. Biomass and Bioenergy, 16, 52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0961-9534(98)00065-8
[12] Domaiski, E. and Milne, T. (1986) Thermodynamic Data for Biomass Conversion and Waste Incineration. http://www.nrel.gov/biomass/pdfs/2839.pdf
[13] SFA (2012) Secretaría de Fomento Agropecuario. http://www.oeidrus-bc.gob.mx/oeidrus_bca
[14] McKendry, P. (2002) Energy Production from Biomass (Part 1): Overview of Biomass. Bioresource Technology, 83, 37-46. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(01)00118-3
[15] Moncada, A. and Quintero, M. (2008) Contaminación y control de las quemas agrícolas en Imperial, California, y Mexicali, Baja California. Región y Sociedad, XX, 3-24.
[16] Evans, A., Strezov, V. and Evans, T. (2010) Sustainability Consideration for Electricity Generation from Biomass. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14, 1419-1427. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2010.01.010

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.