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Advances in lignocellulosic biotechnology: A brief review on lignocellulosic biomass and cellulases

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DOI: 10.4236/abb.2014.53031    6,671 Downloads   9,967 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

From the last few decades, there has been an increasing research interest in the value of lignocellulosic biomass. Lignoellulosic biomass is an inexpensive, renewable abundant and provides a unique natural resource for large-scale and cost-effective bio-energy collection. In addition, using lignocellulosic materials and other low-cost biomass can significantly reduce the cost of materials used for ethanol production. Therefore, in this background, the rapidly evolving tools of biotechnology can lower the conversion costs and also enhance a yield of target products. In this context, a biological processing presents a promising approach to converting lignocellulosic materials into energy-fuels. The present summarized review work begins with an overview on the physio-chemical features and composition of major agricultural biomass. The information is also given on the processing of agricultural biomass to produce industrially important enzymes, e.g., ligninases or cellulases. Cellulases provide a key opportunity for achieving tremendous benefits of biomass utilization.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Shahzadi, T. , Mehmood, S. , Irshad, M. , Anwar, Z. , Afroz, A. , Zeeshan, N. , Rashid, U. and Sughra, K. (2014) Advances in lignocellulosic biotechnology: A brief review on lignocellulosic biomass and cellulases. Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology, 5, 246-251. doi: 10.4236/abb.2014.53031.

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