Comparison of Wind-Induced Displacement Characteristics of Buildings with Different Lateral Load Resisting Systems

DOI: 10.4236/eng.2011.33028   PDF   HTML     7,057 Downloads   12,861 Views   Citations


Due to excessive displacements of tall buildings occasioned by lateral loads, lateral load resisting systems are usually provided to curtail the load effect. The resistance may be offered by Frame Action, Shear Walls, or combined Walls and Frames (also known as Dual System). In this study, finite element based software, ETABS, was used to generate and analyse three-dimensional building models for the assessment of the relative effectiveness of the various lateral load resisting systems. Three models were used, one each for the three resisting systems. Each model consisted of three samples representing three different building heights of 45 m, 75 m, and 99 m. Wind Design Spreadsheet complying with the appropriate British Standards was used to compute preliminary wind load coefficients using the wind speed values from the relevant wind isopleth map of Nigeria as primary data. Lateral wind load was then applied at floor levels of each of the building samples. Each building sample was subjected to three-dimensional analysis for the determination of both the lateral displacements of storey tops and interstorey drifts. The results of the work showed that the dual system was the most efficient lateral-load resisting system based on deflection criterion, as they yielded the least values for lateral displacements and inter-storey drifts. The moment frame was the least stiff of the resisting systems, yielding the highest values of both the lateral displacement and the inter-storey drift.

Share and Cite:

C. Arum and A. Akinkunmi, "Comparison of Wind-Induced Displacement Characteristics of Buildings with Different Lateral Load Resisting Systems," Engineering, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2011, pp. 236-247. doi: 10.4236/eng.2011.33028.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] H. S. Park, K. Hong and J. Seo, “Drift Design of Steel-Frame Shear-Wall Systems for Tall Buildings,” The Structural Design of Tall Buildings, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2002, pp. 35-49. doi:10.1002/tal.187
[2] R. Kowalczyh, “Tall Buildings: Past, Present & Future Developments,” URE: Summer School Urban Steel Structures, Gdansk, 2005.
[3] W. Chen and E. M. Lui, “Principles of Struc-tural Design,” CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group, Lon-don, 2006.
[4] Z. Sindel, R. Akbas and S. Tezcar, “Drift Control & Damage in Tall Buildings,” Engineering Structures, Vol. 18, No. 12, 1996, pp. 959-962. doi:10.1016/0141-0296(95)00215-4
[5] S. Khajehpour, “Optimal Conceptual Design of High- Rise Office Build-ings,” Ph.D. Thesis, University of Waterloo, Ontario, 2001.
[6] B. S. Smith and A. Coull, “Tall Building Structures: Analysis & Design,” New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1991.
[7] D. R. Gardiner, D. K. Bull, and A. J. Carr, “Internal Forces of Concrete Floor Diaphragms in Multistorey Buildings,” Department of Civil engineering, University of Canterbury NZSEE Conference, Christchurch, 2008.
[8] E. G. Nawy, “Concrete Con-struction Engineering Handbook,” CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, London, 2008.
[9] D. Lungu and R. Rackwitz, “Joint Committee on Structural Safety, Proba-bilistic Model Code Part 2: Loads,” Joint Committee on Structural Safety, Section 2.13 on WINDS, Tampa, 1997.
[10] British Standards Institution, “BS 6399: Loading for Buildings—Part 2: Code of Practice for Wind Loads,” British Standards Institution, London, 1997.
[11] British Standards Institution, “BS 8110: Structural Use of Concrete—Part 2: Code of Practice for Special Circumstances,” British Standards Institution, London, 1985.
[12] British Standards Institution, “BS 8110: Structural Use of Concrete—Part 1: Code of Prac-tice for Design & Construction,” British Standards Insti-tution, London, 1997.
[13] C. Buczkowski, “Wind De-sign Workbook for Microsoft Excel—Version 2.1,” 2009.
[14] C. Arum, “Lightweight Steel Frameworks for Shed Buildings in Different Wind Regions of Nigeria,” Nigerian Journal of Industrial and Systems Studies, Vol. 1, No. 4, 2002, pp. 5-14.
[15] S. M. Auta, “Wind Load Estimation on Tall Building: Part 1: Comparison of Russian & Nigerian Codes of Practice,” Asian Journal of Civil Engineering (Building & Housing), Vol. 7, No. 3, 2006, pp. 233-238.
[16] British Standards Institution, “BS 6399: Loading for Buildings—Part 1: Code of Practice for Dead and Imposed Loads,” British Standards Institution, Lon-don, 1996.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.