Technical Efficiency in the Container Terminals in Mexico, 1982-2010: Through Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA)


The paper shows an analysis of the global technical efficiency of container terminals of the main ports of Mexico in the period 1982-2010, through Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). This methodology allows us to measure each decision unit evaluated in relation to other homogeneous units. The aim of the study is to determine the importance of global technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency in the ports of México. For this purpose, quay length and number of employees are used as input and as output of the number of containers. The results show that the Mexican ports in general have a low technical global efficiency and only the ports showed that technical global efficiency, technical pure efficiency and scale efficiency were Veracruz and Tuxpan in the year 1982, and Manzanillo and Lazaro Cárdenas in the year 2010. For that reason, it requires better operability which means greater mobility of TEUs.

Share and Cite:

O. Delfín-Ortega and C. Navarro-Chávez, "Technical Efficiency in the Container Terminals in Mexico, 1982-2010: Through Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA)," iBusiness, Vol. 5 No. 4, 2013, pp. 154-160. doi: 10.4236/ib.2013.54019.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] J. Ojeda, “The Port Problem in Mexico in Perspective in 1982-2004, Towards New Paradigms,” Regulation of Transport Infrastructure, 2011, pp. 121-170.
[2] I. Igae, “Goal Setting and Performance Measurement in the Public Domain,” Madrid, Spain, 1997.
[3] A. Aeca, “Performance Indicators for Public Entities,” Document no. 16, Series of Principles of Managerial Accounting, 2nd Edition, Madrid, 1997.
[4] A. Charnes, W. Cooper and E. Rhodes, “Measurement the Efficiency of Decision Making Units,” European Journal of Operational Research, Vol. 2, No. 6, 1978, pp. 429-444.
[5] T. Koopmans, “Efficient Allocation of Resources,” Econometrica, Vol. 19, No. 4, 1951, pp. 455-465.
[6] G. Debreu, “The Coefficient of Resource Utilization,” Econometrica, Vol. 19, No. 3, 1951, pp. 273-292.
[7] R. Shephard, “Cost and Production Functions,” Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1953.
[8] M. Farrell, “The Measurement of Productive Efficiency,” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Serie A, Vol. 120, No. 3, 1957, pp. 253-267.
[9] R. Banker, A. Charnes and W. Cooper, “Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis,” Management Science, Vol. 30, No. 9, 1984, pp. 1078-1092.
[10] V. Coll and O. Blasco, “Evaluation of the Efficiency by Data Envelopment Analysis,” 2006.
[11] T. Coelli, P. Rao, C. O’Donnell and G. Batesse, “An Introduction to Efficiency and Productivity Analysis,” 2nd Edition, Springer, 2005.
[12] E. Martínez-Budría, R. Diaz-Armas, M. Navarro-Ibanez and T. Ravelo-Mesa, “A Study of the Efficiency of Spanish Port Authorities Using Data Envelopment Analysis,” International Journal of Transport Economics, Vol. 26, No. 2, 1999, pp. 237-253.
[13] R. Park and P. De, “An Alternative Approach to Efficiency Measurement of Seaports,” Maritime Economics & Logistics, Vol. 6, 2004, pp. 53-69.
[14] R., Sala and A. Meda, “Study of Technical and Economic Efficiency of Container Terminals,” Asepuma, 2004, pp. 1-11.
[15] K. Cullinane, D. Song and T. Wang, “The Relationship between Privatization and DEA Estimates of Efficiency in the Container Port Industry,” Journal of Economics & Bussiness, Vol. 57, No. 5, 2005, pp. 433-462.
[16] J. Low, “Capacity Investment and Efficiency Cost Estimations in Major East Asian Ports,” Maritime Economics & Logistics, Vol. 12, 2010, pp. 370-391.
[17] F. Lo, C. Chien and J. Lin, “A DEA Study to Evaluate the Relative Efficiency and Investigate the District Reorganization of the Taiwan Power Company,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 16, No. 1, 2001, pp. 170-178.
[18] General Coordination of Ports and Merchant Marine, “Monthly Statistical Report Cargo Movements, Ships and Passengers,” Transport and Communications Sector, 2012.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.