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Temperature and Heat Flux Distributions through Single and Double Window Glazing Nongray Calculation

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DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2011.21003    6,285 Downloads   11,307 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Accurate prediction of thermal radiation by applying rigorous model for the radiative heat transfer combined with the conduction and the convection has been performed for a single and double window glazing subjected to solar and thermal irradiation. The glass window is analysed as a non-gray plane-parallel medium disctritized to thin layer as-suming the glass material as participating media in one-dimensional case, using the Radiation Element Method by Ray Emission Model (REM2). The model allows the calculation of the steady-state heat flux and the temperature distribution within the glass cover. The spectral dependence of the relevant radiation properties of glass (i.e. specular reflectivity, refraction angle and absorption coefficient) is taken into account. Both solar and thermal incident irradiations are applied at the boundary surfaces using the spectral solar model proposed by Bird and Riordan. The optical constant of a commercial clear glass material have been used. The calculation has been performed during winter period and the effect of the thickness of the glass for a single glazing and of the air layer between the two panels for double glazing has been studied. The result shows that increasing the air layer, the steady heat flux decreases and the temperature distribution within the glass changes.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

M. Khoukhi and S. Maruyama, "Temperature and Heat Flux Distributions through Single and Double Window Glazing Nongray Calculation," Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, Vol. 2 No. 1, 2011, pp. 21-26. doi: 10.4236/sgre.2011.21003.

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