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Syntheses of Doped-LaCrO3 Nanopowders by Hydrothermal Method

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DOI: 10.4236/ojinm.2013.33007    3,214 Downloads   6,450 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The effects of additives and precipitants on the syntheses of doped LaCrO3 (lanthanum chromites) were studied by hydrothermal reaction at temperature ranges of 100 to 230. LaCrO3 nanopowders were synthesized by hydrothermal methods using several types of precipitants such as NaOH, KOH, NH4OH, and NH2CONH2. The influence of Sr, Ca and Co doping on the lanthanum chromites prepared by hydrothermal method were investigated. The synthesized nanopowders were characterized by means of XRD, SEM and densitometer. The electrical conductivity of the doped LaCrO3 was studied at 750 in air by a DC four point probe method. The particles size of undoped LaCrO3 nanopowder was approximately 100 nm when using KOH as a precipitant. The relative density of lanthanum chromite doped with calcium and cobalt is over 97%. The highest electrical conductivity of La0.62Ca0.38Co0.18Cr0.82O3 was 32.75 S/cm at 750 in air, which is 30 times higher than undoped LaCrO3. The density and electrical conductivity are increased by doping cobalt and calcium on the LaCrO3.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

M. Kang, J. Yun, C. Cho, C. Kim and W. Tai, "Syntheses of Doped-LaCrO3 Nanopowders by Hydrothermal Method," Open Journal of Inorganic Non-metallic Materials, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2013, pp. 27-42. doi: 10.4236/ojinm.2013.33007.

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