Smoking and the risk of acute coronary syndrome in young women treated in an emergency department

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DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2013.34A003    3,182 Downloads   4,641 Views   Citations


The aim of this study is to compare the clinical characteristics of young women (<40 years) with older (≥40 years) admitted to the hospital emergency department with the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), and identify which cardiovascular risk factors are predictors to suffer an ACS in the group of young women. We included women consecutively admitted in a tertiary hospital with a diagnosis of ACS. A total of 118 women with a diagnosis of ACS were included. Young women were more likely to smok and had a higher proportion of coronary artery disease of one vessel. The multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that smoking was the only variable associated independently with the presence of ACS in young women (OR: 6.451, 95% CI: 1.479 to 28.571, p = 0.01). The findings of this study indicate that smoking is an independent predictor of ACS in women less than 40 years.

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Dominguez-Rodriguez, A. , Arroyo-Ucar, E. , Abreu-Gonzalez, P. and Burillo-Putze, G. (2013) Smoking and the risk of acute coronary syndrome in young women treated in an emergency department. World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases, 3, 9-12. doi: 10.4236/wjcd.2013.34A003.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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