Perceptions of cultural competency of undergraduate nursing students

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:44KB) PP. 182-185
DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2013.32024    6,173 Downloads   9,534 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the level of cultural competence of undergraduate nursing students at a large Midwestern University. Background: Developing cultural competence of nurses is critical to meet the needs of our growing diverse society. Methods: A convenience sample of 150 undergraduate nursing students completed a one-time questionnaire assessing students’ cultural competence. Results: Nursing students’ rated their overall knowledge and comfort moderate to poor with only 28% rated themselves as very comfortable and 15% as very skillful in providing culturally competent care. Students rated their knowledge and comfort highest in taking a family history, whereas, the lowest scores were related to pregnancy and childbirth, death and dying, and organ donation in other cultures. Conclusions: Findings suggest that nursing students feel inadequately prepared to provide culturally competent care.

Cite this paper

Von Ah, D. and Cassara, N. (2013) Perceptions of cultural competency of undergraduate nursing students. Open Journal of Nursing, 3, 182-185. doi: 10.4236/ojn.2013.32024.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] Onyoni, E. and Ives, T. (2007) Assessing implementation of cultural competency content in the curricula of colleges of pharmacy in the United States and Canada. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 71, 1-7. doi:10.5688/aj710224
[2] Wells, M.I. (2000) Beyond cultural competence: A model for individual and institutional cultural development. Journal of Community Health, 17, 189-199. doi:10.1207/S15327655JCHN1704_1
[3] Sanner, S., Baldwin, D., Cannella, K., Charles, J. and Parker, L. (2010) The impact of cultural diversity forum on students’ openness to diversity. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 17, 56-61.
[4] Institute of Medicine (2011) The future of nursing: Leading change, advancing health. The National Academies Press, Washington DC.
[5] American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) (2008) The essentials of baccalaureate education for professional nursing practice. American Association of Colleges of Nursing, Washington DC.
[6] Cuellar, N.G., Walsh Brennan, A.M., Vito, K. and De Leon Siantz, M.L. (2008) Cultural competency in the undergraduate nursing curriculum. Journal of Professional Nursing, 24, 43-49. doi:10.1016/j.profnurs.2008.01.004
[7] Giger, J., Davidhizar, R.E., Purnell, L., Harden, J.T., Phillips, J., Strickland, O. and American Academy of Nursing (2007) American academy of nursing expert panel report: Developing cultural competence to eliminate health disparities in ethnic minorities and other vulnerable populations. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 18, 95-102.
[8] Caffrey, R.A., Neander, W., Markle, D. and Stewart, B. (2005) Improving the cultural competence of nursing students: Results of integrating cultural content in the curriculum and an international immersion experience. Journal of Nursing Education, 44, 234-240.
[9] Coffman, M.J., Shellman, J. and Bernal, H. (2004) An integrative review of American nurses’ perceived cultural self-efficacy. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 36, 180-185. doi:10.1111/j.1547-5069.2004.04032.x
[10] Kardong-Edgren, S., Cason, C.L., Brennan, A.M.W., Reifsnider, E., Hummel, F., Mancini, M. and Griffin, C. (2010) Cultural competency of graduating BSN nursing students. Nursing Education Perspectives, 31, 278-285.
[11] Kennedy, H., Fisher, L., Fontaine, D. and Martin-Holland, J. (2008) Evaluating diversity in nursing education: A mixed method study. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 19, 363-370. doi:10.1177/1043659608322500
[12] Amerson, R. (2010) The impact of service-learning on cultural competence. Nursing Education Research, 13, 18-22.
[13] Hughes, K.H. and Hood, L.J. (2007) Teaching methods and an outcome tool for measuring cultural sensitivity in undergraduate students. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 18, 167-174.
[14] Musolino, G.M., Babitz, M., Burkalter, S.T., Thompson, C., Harris, R., Ward, R.S. and Chase-Cantarini, S. (2009) Mutual respect in healthcare: Assessing cultural competence for the University of Utah interdisciplinary health sciences. Journal of Allied Health, 38, 54-62.
[15] Napholz, L. (1999) A comparison of self-reported cultural competency skills among two groups of nursing students: Implications for nursing education. Journal of Nursing Education, 38, 81-83.
[16] Nokes, K.M., Nickitas, D.M., Keida, R. and Neville, S. (2005) Does service-learning increase cultural competency, critical thinking, and civic engagement. Journal of Nursing Education, 44, 65-70.
[17] Larsen, R. and Rief, L. (2011) Effectiveness of cultural immersion and cultural classes for enhancing students’ transcultural self-efficacy. Journal of Nursing Education, 50, 350-354.
[18] Kuehn, A.F., Chircop, A., Downe-Wambolt, B. Sheppard- LeMoine, D., Wittock, L., Herbert, R., Benavides Torres, R.A., Murnaghan, D. and Critchly, K. (2011) Evaluating the impact of North American research exchange program on student cultural awareness. International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship, 8, 1-15. doi:10.2202/1548-923X.1919

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.