Share This Article:

A theoretical framework for investigating ecological problems associated with biodiversity conservation in national parks: A case of the Rwenzori Mountains National Park, Uganda

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:335KB) PP. 196-204
DOI: 10.4236/oje.2013.32023    5,805 Downloads   9,992 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Theoretical frameworks play a vital role in research, spelling out the constructs important in the research area, and the relationships between the constructs. An understanding of the theoretical constructs which underpin the research provides researchers with a framework, which enables them to understand when, how and why particular phenomena occur. Depending on the type of research, this either allows them to make reasoned predictions, which can be empirically tested during the research or gives direction for the research if it is open-ended and exploratory. Such frameworks not only guide the questions asked and the design of the research, but also help to interpret the data. If the situation being investigated is very complex, involving numerous interlinked variables, it is often difficult to identify a single theoretical framework that is suitable for a particular study. This article uses the case of human ecological behavioural problems associated with the conservation of biodiversity in the Rwenzori Mountains National Park, to show how a theoretical framework to investigate a complex situation was developed.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Muhumuza, M. , Sanders, M. and Balkwill, K. (2013) A theoretical framework for investigating ecological problems associated with biodiversity conservation in national parks: A case of the Rwenzori Mountains National Park, Uganda. Open Journal of Ecology, 3, 196-204. doi: 10.4236/oje.2013.32023.

References

[1] Kerlinger, F.N. (1986) Foundations of behavioral research. Holt, Rinehart and Winston publishers, Orlando.
[2] Maxwell, J.A. (2005) Qualitative research design: An interactive approach. SAGE, California.
[3] Ingelse, K. (1997) Theoretical frameworks. Northern Arizona University NAU OTLE Faculty Studio (online teaching resources).
[4] Wellington, J. (2000) Educational research: Contemporary issues and practical approaches. Continuum, London.
[5] Caliendo, S. and Kyle, W. (1996) Establishing the theoretical frame. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 33, 225-227.
[6] Miles, M.B. and Huberman, A.M. (1994) Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook. SAGE, London and Thousand Oaks.
[7] Jabareen, Y. (2009) Building a conceptual framework: Philosophy, definitions, and procedure. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 8, 49-62.
[8] Tuckman, B. (1999) Conducting educational research. Harcourt Brace College Publishers, Fort Worth.
[9] Sekaran, U. (2000) Research methods for business. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
[10] Camp, W.G. (2001) Formulating and evaluating theoretical frameworks for career and technical education research. Journal of Vocational Education Research, 26, 1-17. doi:10.5328/JVER26.1.4
[11] Elliott, J. (2005) Conceptual/operational frameworks. Workshop paper presented at the Association of International Agricultural and Extension Education conference, San Antonio, 12-15 July 2005.
[12] Radhakrishna, R.B., Yoder, E.P. and Ewing, J.C. (2007) Strategies for linking theoretical framework and research types. Proceedings of the 2007 AAAE Research Conference, Pennsylvania State University, 692-694.
[13] Abd-El-Khalick, F. and Akerson, V. (2007) On the role and use of “theory” in science education research: A response to Johnston, Sutherland, and Sowell. Science Education, 91, 187-194. doi:10.1002/sce.20189
[14] Howard, P.C. (1991) Nature conservation in Uganda’s tropical forest reserves. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland and Cambridge.
[15] Plumptre, A.J., Behangana, M., Davenport, T.R.B., Kahindo, C., Kityo, R., Ndomba, E. and Eilu, G. (2003) The biodiversity of the Albertine Rift. Wildlife Conservation Society, Kampala.
[16] McCall, D. (1996) Conservation and management of the Rwenzori Mountains. In: Osmaston, H., Tukahirwa, J., Basalirwa, C. and Nyakana, J., Eds., The Rwenzori Mountains National Park, Makerere University, Kampala, 34-57.
[17] Tumusiime, D.M., Vedeld, P. and Gombya-Ssembajjwe, W. (2011) Breakingthe law? Illegal livelihoods from a protected area in Uganda. Forest and policy economics, 13, 273-283. doi:10.1016/j.forpol.2011.02.001
[18] Loefler, I. (1997) Protected areas programme, Rwenzori Mountains National Park. Kampala, Uganda.
[19] Rwenzori Mountains Environmental Conservation Education Strategy (2004) A policy document. District local governments of Kasese, Kabarole and Bundibugyo, The Rwenzori Mountains National Park, and World Wildlife Fund.
[20] Tamale, S.E. and Nzirambi, M.K. (1996) Local participation in the management and decision making of Rwenzori National Park. In: Osmaston, H., Tukahirwa, J., Basalirwa, C. and Nyakana, J., Eds., The Rwenzori Mountains National Park, Makerere University, Kampala, 112-126.
[21] Ernst, S. (2011) Uganda Consequences of the establishment of Rwenzori Mountains National Park. Geographische Rundschau, 63, 57-63.
[22] Martin, R.B. (1994) Alternative approaches to sustainable use: What does and does not work. Paper presented at the conference of conservation through sustainable use of wildlife. University of Queensland, Brisbane.
[23] Newing, H. (2011) Conducting research in conservation: a social science perspective. Routledge, England.
[24] Blaikie, N. (1993) Approaches to social equity. Polity press, Cambridge.
[25] Hungerford, H.R. and Volk, T.L. (1990) Changing learner behaviour through environmental education. Journal of Environmental Education, 21, 8-22.
[26] Stern, P.C. (2000) Toward a coherent theory of environmentally significant behaviour. Journal of Social Issues, 56, 322-348. doi:10.1111/0022-4537.00175
[27] Kaplan, S. (2000) Human nature and environmentally responsible behaviour. Journal of Social Issues, 56, 491-508. doi:10.1111/0022-4537.00180
[28] Checkland, P. (1993) Systems thinking, systems Practice. Wiley publishers, United Kingdom.
[29] Chawla, T. (1998) Significant life experiences revisited: A review of research on sources of environmental sensitivity. Environmental Education, 4, 369-382. doi:10.1080/1350462980040402
[30] Ajzen, I. and Madden, T. (1986) Prediction of goal-directed behaviour: Attitudes, intentions and perceived be- havioural control. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 22, 453-474. doi:10.1016/0022-1031(86)90045-4
[31] Petty, R.E. and Priester, J.R. (1994) Mass media attitude change: Implications of the elaborate likelihood model of persuasion. In: Bryant, J. and Zillman, D., Eds., Media Effects: Advances in Theory and Research, Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale, 91-122.
[32] Decker, D.J., Brown, T.L. and Siemer, W.F. (2001) Human dimension of wildlife management in North America. The Wildlife Society, Bethesda.
[33] Prochaska, J.O., DiClemente, C.C. and Norcross, J.C. (1992) In search of how people change: Applications to addictive behaviours. American Psychologist, 47, 1102-1114. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.47.9.1102
[34] Rogers, E.M. (1995) Diffusion of innovations. Free Press, New York.
[35] Bandura A. (1997) Self efficacy: The exercise of control. W.H. Freeman and Company, New York.
[36] Chao, Y. (2012) Predicting people’s environmental behaviour: Theory of planned behaviour and model of responsible environmental behaviour. Environmental Education Research, 18, 437-461. doi:10.1080/13504622.2011.634970
[37] Borzekowski, D. (2011) Planning to hook up: Using the theory of planned behavior to explain concurrency intentions among youth from three countries. Journal of Adolescent Health, 48, 81-112. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.11.229
[38] Chen, T. and Chao, S. (2011) Habitual or reasoned? Using the theory of planned behavior, technology acceptance model, and habit to examine switching intentions toward the public. Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 14, 128-137. doi:10.1016/j.trf.2010.11.006
[39] Mahmud, F. and Osman, R. (2010) The determinants of recycling intention behavior among the Malaysian school students: An application of theory of planned behaviour. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 9, 119-124. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.12.123
[40] Norman, P. (2011) The theory of planned behavior and binge drinking among undergraduate students: Assessing the impact of habit strength. Addictive Behaviors, 36, 502-507. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2011.01.025
[41] Ajzen, I. (1991) The theory of planned behaviour. Organizational Behaviour and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179-211. doi:10.1016/0749-5978(91)90020-T
[42] Ogwang, D. A. and DeGeorges, P.A. (1992) Community participation in interactive park planning and the privation process in Uganda’s National parks. Uganda National Parks and the United States Agency for International De- velopment.
[43] Starcey, T. (2003) Tribe: The hidden history of the Mountains of the Moon. Stacey International, London.
[44] Lindsay, J. (1998) Designing legal space: Law as an enabling tool in community-based management. International CBNRM Workshop, Washington DC, 10-14 April 2003.
[45] Sentwali, B.R. (1997) Epistemology from an Afrocentric perspective: Enhancing black students’ consciousness through an Afrocentric way of knowing. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln.
[46] Agrawal, B. (1997) Environmental action, gender equity and women’s participation. Development and Change, 28, 1-44. doi:10.1111/1467-7660.00033
[47] Leach, M. (1991) Endangered environments: Understanding natural resource management in the West African forest zone. IDS Bulletin, 22, 17-24. doi:10.1111/j.1759-5436.1991.mp22004004.x
[48] Jacobson, K.S., McDuff, M.D. and Monroe, C.M (2006) Conservation education and outreach techniques. Oxford University press, England. doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567714.001.0001
[49] Levin, G. (1993) Too green for their own good. Advertising Age, 64, 29-42.
[50] Antons, C. (2010) The role of traditional knowledge and access to genetic resources in biodiversity conservation in Southeast Asia. Biodiversity Conservation, 19, 1189-1204. doi:10.1007/s10531-010-9816-y
[51] Iaccarino, M. (2003) Science and culture. EMBO, 4, 220-223. doi:10.1038/sj.embor.embor781
[52] Scoones, I. and Thompson, J. (1993) Challenging the populist perspective: Rural people’s knowledge, agricultural research and extension practice. Institute of Development Studies, Brighton.
[53] Watson, A., Alessa, L. and Glaspell, B. (2003) The relationship between traditional ecological knowledge, evolving cultures, and wilderness protection in the circumpolar north. Conservation Ecology, 8, 2-21.
[54] Kabananukye, I. (1996) Population dynamics of Abayanda pygmies of south western Uganda. Paper presented at cultural research at University of Nairobi, 23-26 August 1996.
[55] Stacey, T. (1996) Bakonzo identity and the protection of Rwenzori: The spiritual factor. In: Osmaston, H., Tukahirwa, J., Basalirwa, C. and Nyakana, J., Eds., The Rwenzori Mountains National Park, Makerere University, Kampala, 67-82.
[56] Foltz, R.C. (2003) Does nature have historical agency? World history, environmental history, and how historians can help save the planet. History Teacher, 37, 9-28. doi:10.2307/1555594
[57] Fisher, M. (2004) Household welfare and forest dependence in southern Malawi. Environment and Development Economics, 9, 135-154. doi:10.1017/S1355770X03001219
[58] Mamo, G., Sjaastad, E. and Vedeld, P. (2007) Economic dependence on forest resources: A case from Dendi District, Ethiopia. Forest Policy and Economics, 9, 916-927. doi:10.1016/j.forpol.2006.08.001
[59] Vedeld, P., Angelsen, A., Sjaastad, E. and Kobugabe, B.G. (2007) Forest environmental incomes and the rural poor. Forest Policy and Economics, 9, 869-879. doi:10.1016/j.forpol.2006.05.008
[60] Coulibaly-Lingani, P., Savadogo P., Tigabu, M. and Oden, P. (2011) Factors influencing people’s participation in the forest management program in Burkina Faso, West Africa. Forest Policy and Economics, 13, 292-302. doi:10.1016/j.forpol.2011.02.005

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.