Share This Article:

Waste Disposal Problems and Management in Ughelli, Nigeria

DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.44A002    7,404 Downloads   11,780 Views   Citations
Author(s)    Leave a comment

ABSTRACT

The study examined the problem of waste disposal and management in Ughelli. A field survey was undertaken to determine the types, volume, effects and methods of managing solid waste in the Ughelli. The volume of waste was measured at dumpsites in the four existing quarters and from household bins. Appropriate waste characterization methods were employed in classifying the waste into various components on weekly basis. Eighty and twenty questionnaires were administered to households’ heads and industries respectively and summarized with descriptive statistics. The results revealed an increase in the volume of solid waste generated over the years with 15,540 Kg mean annual volume of solid waste generated in Ughelli at dumpsites, and 1104.7 Kg mean volume of solid waste generated per households that never arrives at dumpsites. The composition of solid waste generated and disposed in Ughelli were predominantly food items, bottles/cans and plastics, paper/carton and nylon of sachet water, which were mostly found in market places. The most widely adopted method of waste disposal is open dumping, land filling, dig and bury. It is therefore recommended that government should adopt an appropriate waste collection and disposal agency and also more government approved dumpsites should be established in the area.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

S. Efe, "Waste Disposal Problems and Management in Ughelli, Nigeria," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 4 No. 4A, 2013, pp. 4-11. doi: 10.4236/jep.2013.44A002.

References

[1] T. G. Leton and O. Omotosho, “Landfill Operations in the Niger-Delta Region of Nigeria,” Engineering Geology, Vol. 73, No. 1-2, 2004, pp. 171-177. doi:10.1016/j.enggeo.2003.12.006
[2] O. A. Ishoka, “Problems of Solid Waste Disposal and Management in Ughelli Delta State, Nigeria,” Unpublished B.Sc Dissertation in Geological & Regional Planning, Delta State University, Abraka, 2008, pp. 1-51.
[3] J. O. Babayemi and K. T. Dauda, “Evaluation of Solid Waste Generation, Categories and Disposal Options in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Nigeria,” Journal of Applied Science Environmental Manage, Vol. 13, No. 3, 2009, pp. 83-88.
[4] V. I. Ogu, “Private Sector Participation and Municipal Waste Management in Benin City,” Environment Urbanization, Vol. 12, No. 2, 2000, pp. 103-117. doi:10.1177/095624780001200209
[5] E. O. Karibo, “Waste Management and Job Creation in the Niger Delta,” A Paper Presentation at the 2nd Annual Dare 2, Dream Youth Summit, Effurun, 30 August 2008.
[6] R. Makinde, “Making Nigerian Towns and Cities Livable in the 21st century,” 2000.
[7] J. C. Agunwamba, “Solid Waste Management in Nigeria: Problems and Issues,” Environmental Management, Vol. 22, No. 6, 1998, pp. 849-856. doi:10.1007/s002679900152
[8] S. Ojeka, “Tax Policy and the Growth of SMEs: Implication for the Nigerian Economy,” Research Journal of Finance and Accounting, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2011, pp. 16-26.
[9] L. F. Awosika, G. T. French, R. J. Nicholls and C. E. Ibe, “The Impact of Sea Level Rise on the Coastline of Nigeria,” Proceedings of IPCC Symposium on the Rising Challenges of the Sea, Magaritta, 1992, pp. 14-19.
[10] O. O. Areola, “Soil and Vegetal Resource,” In: J. S. Oguntoyinbo, O. O. Areola and M. Filani, Eds., A Geography of Nigeria Development, Education Books Nig Ltd., Heinemman, 1978.
[11] R. K. Udo, “A Comprehensive Geography of West Africa,” Educaction Books Ltd., Heinemman, 1978.
[12] Nigeria Population Census, 1991.
[13] Federal Ministry of Housing and Environment, “The State of the Environment in Nigeria,” Monograph Series, No. 2, 2000, pp. 2-19.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.