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Autoimmune Thyroid, Celiac and Addison’s Diseases Related to HLA-DQ Types in Young Patients with Type 1 Diabetes in Belgium

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DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2012.24011    4,177 Downloads   7,913 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Objective: To define the prevalence of auto antibodies (Ab) to different organs in young patients with type 1 diabetes (type 1DM). Methods: Ab to thyroid, celiac and adrenal disease was analyzed in 831 type 1 DM patients. Results: Hundred twenty-three (14.8%) had positive thyroid Ab. The risk of developing thyroid Ab was increased in girls (HR 2.3; 95% CI 1.6 - 3.2, p < 0.0001). Thirty-three (3.9%) patients had positive endomysium Ab (3.1% in girls and 3.5% in boys, p = NS). Adrenal Ab was detected in 5 patients. The DQA1*0301-DQB1*0301 haplotype was more prevalent in patients with thyroid Ab (p = 0.0281); DQA1*301-DQB1*302 and DQA1*501-DQB1*201 in patients with endo- mysium Ab (p = 0.0251 and p < 0.0001). All patients with adrenal Ab were DQA1*301-DQB1*302 positive. Conclusions: Type 1D patients should be screened annually for thyroid autoimmunity and celiac disease. The DQA1*0301-DQB1*0301 haplotype seems to confer susceptibility to thyroid autoimmunity, DQA1*301-DQB1*302 and DQA1*501-DQB1*201 to celiac disease and DQA1*301-DQB1*302 to adrenal autoimmunity.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

A. Messaaoui, S. Tenoutasse, B. Van der Auwera, C. Mélot and H. Dorchy, "Autoimmune Thyroid, Celiac and Addison’s Diseases Related to HLA-DQ Types in Young Patients with Type 1 Diabetes in Belgium," Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, Vol. 2 No. 4, 2012, pp. 70-73. doi: 10.4236/ojemd.2012.24011.

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