Share This Article:

Hydrogen Absorption and Electrochemical Properties of As-Quenched Nanocrystalline Mg20Ni10 – xCux (x = 0 – 4) Alloys

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:3863KB) PP. 168-176
DOI: 10.4236/msa.2010.13027    3,349 Downloads   6,327 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Nanocrystalline Mg2Ni-type alloys with nominal compositions of Mg20Ni10 – xCux (x = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4) were synthesized by rapid quenching technique. The microstructures of the as-cast and quenched alloys were characterized by XRD, SEM and HRTEM. The hydrogen absorption and desorption kinetics of the alloys were measured using an automatically controlled Sieverts apparatus. The electrochemical hydrogen storage performances were tested by an automatic galvanostatic system. The results show that all the as-quenched alloys hold a typical nanocrystalline structure, and the rapid quenching does not change the major phase Mg2Ni. The hydrogen absorption and desorption capacities of the alloys significantly increase with rising quenching rate. Additionally, the rapid quenching significantly improves the electrochemical hydrogen storage capacity of the alloys, but it slightly impairs the cycle stability of the alloys.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

J. Gao, Z. Hou, Q. Ge, D. Zhao, S. Guo and Y. Zhang, "Hydrogen Absorption and Electrochemical Properties of As-Quenched Nanocrystalline Mg20Ni10 – xCux (x = 0 – 4) Alloys," Materials Sciences and Applications, Vol. 1 No. 3, 2010, pp. 168-176. doi: 10.4236/msa.2010.13027.

References

[1] L. Schlapbach and A. Züttel, “Hydrogen-Storage Materials for Mobile Applications,” Journal of Nature, Vol. 414, 2001, pp. 353-358.
[2] M. V. Simi?i?, M. Zduji?, R. Dimitrijevi?, L. Nikoli?- Bujanovi? and N. H. Popovi?, “Hydrogen Absorption and Electrochemical Properties of Mg2Ni-Type Alloys Syn-thesized by Mechanical Alloying,” Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 158, No. 1, 2006, pp. 730-734.
[3] A. Ebrahimi-Purkani and S. F. Kashani-Bozorg, “Nan- ocrystalline Mg2Ni-Based Powders Produced by High- Energy Ball Milling and Subsequent Annealing,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 456, No. 1-2, 2008, pp. 211-215.
[4] D. Kyoi, T. Sakai, N. Kitamura, A. Ueda and S. Tanase, “Synthesis of FCC Mg-Ta Hydrides Using GPa Hydrogen Pressure Method and their Hydrogen-Desorption Proper-ties,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 463, No. 1-2, 2008, pp. 306-310.
[5] P. Palade, S. Sartori, A. Maddalena, G. Principi, S. Lorusso, M. Lazarescu, G. Schinteie, V. Kuncser and G. Filoti, “Hydrogen Storage in Mg-Ni-Fe Compounds Pre-pared by Melt Spinning and Ball Milling,” Journal of Al-loys and Compounds, Vol. 415, No. 1-2, 2006, pp. 170- 176.
[6] M. Y. Song, C. D. Yim, J. S. Bae, D. R. Mummd and S. H. Hong, “Preparation by Gravity Casting and Hydro-gen-Storage Properties of Mg–23.5 wt.%Ni-(5, 10 and 15 wt.%) La,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 463, No. 1-2, 2008, pp. 143-147.
[7] L. H. Kumar, B. Viswanathan and S. S. Murthy, “Hydrogen Absorption by Mg2Ni Prepared by polyol Reduction,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 461, No. 1-2, 2008, pp. 72-76.
[8] X. F. Liu, Y. F. Zhu and L. Q. Li, “Structure and Hydro-genation Properties of Nanocrystalline Mg2Ni Prepared by Hydriding Combustion Synthesis and Mechanical Mil-ling,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 455, No. 1-2, 2008, pp. 197-202.
[9] F. J. Liu and S. Suda, “A Method for Improving the Long-Term Storability of Hydriding Alloys by Air Water Exposure,” Journal of Alloys Compounds, Vol. 231, No. 1-2, 1995, pp. 742-750.
[10] T. Czujko, R. A. Varin, C. Chiu and Z. Wronski, “Inves-tigation of the Hydrogen Desorption Properties of Mg + 10 wt.% X (X = V, Y, Zr) Submicrocrystalline Compo-sites,” Journal of Alloys Compounds, Vol. 414, No. 1-2, 2006, pp. 240- 247.
[11] C. X. Shang, M. Bououdina, Y. Song and Z. X. Guo, “Mechanical Alloying and Electronic Simulations of (MgH2 + M) Systems (M = Al, Ti, Fe, Ni, Cu and Nb) for Hydrogen Storage,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 29, No. 1, 2004, pp. 73-80.
[12] B. Sakintuna, F. Lamari-Darkrim and M. Hirscher, ”Metal Hydride Materials for Solid Hydrogen Storage: A Re-view,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 32, No. 9, 2007, pp. 1121-1140.
[13] A. Zaluska, L. Zaluski and J. O. Stroem-Olsen, “Synergy of Hydrogen Sorption in Ball-Milled Hydrides of Mg and Mg2Ni,” Journal of Alloys Compounds, Vol. 289, No. 1-2, 1999, pp. 197-206.
[14] N. Hanada, T. Ichikawa and H. Fujii, “Catalytic Effect of Nanoparticle 3d-Transition Metals on Hydrogen Storage Properties in Magnesium Hydride MgH2 Prepared by Mechanical Milling,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 109, No. 15, 2005, pp. 7188-7194.
[15] N. Recham, V. V. Bhat, M. Kandavel, L. Aymard, J. M. Tarascon and A. Rougier, “Reduction of Hydrogen De-sorption Temperature of Ball-Milled MgH2 by NbF5 Ad-dition,” Journal of Alloys Compounds, Vol. 464, No. 1-2, 2008, pp. 377-382.
[16] V. D. Dobrovolsky, O. G. Ershova, Y. M. Solonin, O. Y. Khyzhuna and V. Paul-Boncour, “Influence of TiB2 Ad-dition upon Thermal Stability and Decomposition Tem-perature of The Mgh2 Hydride of a Mg-Based Mechanical Alloy,” Journal of Alloys Compounds, Vol. 465, No. 1-2, 2008, pp. 177-182.
[17] N. Cui, B. Luan, H. J. Zhao, H. K. Liu and S. X. Dou, “Effects of Yttrium Additions on the Electrode Perfor-mance of Magnesium-Based Hydrogen Storage Alloys,” Journal of Alloys Compounds, Vol. 233, No. 1-2, 1996, pp. 236- 240.
[18] T. Kohno and M. Kanda, “Effect of Partial Substitition on Hydrogen Storage Properties of Mg2Ni Alloy,” Journal of Electrochemical Society, Vol. 144, 1997, pp. 2384- 2388.
[19] G. Y. Liang, “Synthesis and Hydrogen Storage Properties of Mg-Based Alloys,” Journal of Alloys Compounds, Vol. 370, No. 1-2, 2004, pp. 123-128.
[20] M. Y. Song, S. N. Kwon, J. S. Bae and S. H. Hong, “Hy-drogen-Storage Properties of Mg–23.5Ni–(0 and 5)Cu Prepared by Melt Spinning and Crystallization Heat Treatment,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 33, No. 6, 2008, pp. 1711-1718.
[21] M. Savyak, S. Hirnyj, H. D. Bauer, M. Uhlemann, J. Eckert, L. Schultz and A. Gebert, “Electrochemical Hy-drogenation of Mg65Cu25Y10 Metallic Glass,” Journal of Alloys Compounds, Vol. 364, No. 1-2, 2004, pp. 229-237.
[22] T. Spassov and U. K?ster, “Electrode Properties of Melt-Spun Mg–Ni–Nd Amorphous Alloys,” Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 160, No. 1, 2006, pp. 684-687.
[23] G. Friedlmeier, M. Arakawa, T. Hiraia and E. Akiba, “Preparation and Structural, Thermal and Hydriding Characteristics of Melt-Spun Mg–Ni Alloys,” Journal of Alloys Compounds, Vol. 292, No. 1-2, 1999, pp. 107-117.
[24] Y. Wu, W. Han, S. X. Zhou, M. V. Lototsky, J. K. Sol-berg and V. A. Yartys, “Microstructure and Hydrogena-tion Behavior of Ball-Milled and Melt-Spun Mg– 10Ni–2Mm Alloys,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 466, No. 1-2, 2008, pp. 176-181.
[25] K. Tanaka, Y. Kanda, M. Furuhashi, K. Saito, K. Kuroda, H. Saka, “Improvement of Hydrogen Storage Properties of Melt-Spun Mg–Ni–RE Alloys by Nancrystallization,” Journal of Alloys Compounds, Vol. 295, 1999, pp. 521- 525.
[26] S. Orimo and H. Fujii, “Materials Science of Mg-Ni- Based New Hydrides” Journal Applied Physics A, Vol. 72, No. 2, 2001, pp. 167-186.
[27] T. Spassov and U. K?ster, “Thermal Stability and Hydrid-ing Properties of Nanocrystalline Melt-Spun Mg63Ni30 Y7 Alloy,” Journal of Alloys Compounds, Vol. 279, 1998, pp. 279-286.
[28] T. Spassov, L. Lyubenova, U. K?ster and M.D. Baró, “Mg–Ni–RE Nanocrystalline Alloys for Hydrogen Storage,” Journal of Materials Science and Engineering A, Vol. 375-377, 2004, pp. 794-799.
[29] G. Mulas, L. Schiffini and G. Cocco, “Mechanochemical Study of the Hydriding Properties of Nanostructured Mg2Ni–Ni Composites,” Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 19, 2004, pp. 3279-3289.
[30] L. Zaluski, A. Zaluska and J. O. Str?m-Olsen, “Nanocrys-talline Metal Hydrides,” Journal of Alloys Compounds, Vol. 2532, No. 54, 1997, pp. 70-79.
[31] S. Orimo, H. Fujii and K. Ikeda, “Notable Hydriding Properties of a Nanostructured Composite Material of the Mg2Ni-H System Synthesized by Reactive Mechanical Grinding,” Acta Materialia, Vol. 45, No. 1, 1997, pp. 331-341.
[32] H. Niu and D. O. Northwood, “Enhanced Electrochemical Properties of Ball-Milled Mg2Ni Electrodes,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 27, No. 1, 2002, pp. 69-77.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.