Effect of Heat Treatment Processes on the Mechanical Properties of Medium Carbon Steel


The importance of various form of heat treatment operations on medium carbon steel in order to forester the problem that may arise in making a wrong choice of these steel materials or faulty heat treatment operations which may give rise to serious disruption in terms of human safety, higher cost and untimely failure of the machine components is of great concern. The mechanical properties such as ductility, toughness, strength, hardness and tensile strength can easily be modified by heat treating the medium carbon steel to suit a particular design purpose. Tensile specimens were produced from medium carbon steel and were subjected to various forms of heat treatment processes like annealing, normalizing, hardening and tempering. The stiffness, ductility, ultimate tensile strength, yield strength and hardness of the heat treated samples were observed from their stress-strain curve. The value of the yield strength (σy) was observed to be higher for the tempered specimen possibly as a result of the grain re-arrangement, followed by the hardened, normalized and annealed specimens. The value of the ultimate tensile strength (σu) were also observed to be in the order; hardened> tempered>normalized>annealed.

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T. Senthilkumar and T. Ajiboye, "Effect of Heat Treatment Processes on the Mechanical Properties of Medium Carbon Steel," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 11 No. 2, 2012, pp. 143-152. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2012.112011.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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