In-vitro Studies of Biologically Important Barium Strontium Chromium Magnesium Hydrogen Phosphate (BaSrCrMgHPO4) Mixed Crystal Growth in SMS Gel Medium at Ambient Temperature and Its Characterization Studies

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:256KB) PP. 115-122
DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.92010    5,634 Downloads   6,551 Views  

ABSTRACT

Kidney stone consists of various compounds. Mineral oxalate monohydrate and di-hydrate are the main constituent of kidney stones. However, the formation of calcium oxalate kidney stones is still not clearly understood. In this field of studies, several new hypotheses are created, which includes nucleation, reduction of nucleation, crystal growth and or aggregation of formation of different crystals such as oxalate monohydrate and oxalate di-hydrate. The effect of some urinary species such as ammonium oxalate, calcium, citrate, proteins and trace elements were reported by the author. The kidney stone constituents along with trace minerals are grown in silica gel medium (SMS) which provides the necessary growth simulation (in-vivo). In the artificial urinary stone growth process, growth parameters within the different chemical environments were carried out and reported for several urinary crystals such as CaHP, SrHP, SrMHP, BaHP, BaMHP and MgHP. In the present investigation, BaSrCrMHP (Barium Strontium Chromium Magnesium Hydrogen Phosphate) crystals are grown in different growth faces to attain the total nucleation reduction. Extension of this investigation, many characterization studies have been carried out and compared with reported results.

Cite this paper

J. Kumar, P. Ramesh, P. Suresh and P. Sundaramoorthi, "In-vitro Studies of Biologically Important Barium Strontium Chromium Magnesium Hydrogen Phosphate (BaSrCrMgHPO4) Mixed Crystal Growth in SMS Gel Medium at Ambient Temperature and Its Characterization Studies," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 9 No. 2, 2010, pp. 115-122. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.92010.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] P. Sudaramoorthi, S. Kalainathan., Asia Journal of Chem., 16 (2007) 569-574.
[2] P. Sundaramoorthi, S. Kalainathan., J. Biochem. Engg. ,34 ( 2007) 244-249.
[3] P. Sundaramoorthi, S. Kalainathan, J, Min. and Mat. Char. & Eng., 6 (2007) 33-40.
[4] H.K.Henisch, Crystals in Gel and Liesegang Rings, (Cambridge University Press) Cambridge (1986).
[5] H.K. Henisch, J.M. Garcia-Ruiz, J. Crystal Growth, 75 (1986)195.
[6] H.K. Henisch, J.M. Garcia-Ruiz, J. Crystal Growth , 75 (1985) 203.
[7] G.Socrater, Infrared Cha. Group Friq. (John Willy Edi.) Chichester (1980).
[8] Yean-Chin Tasay et al, J. Urology, 86 (1961) 838-854.
[9] J.B. Kirk, In: Direct observation of Imperfection in crystals (Interscience Publishers) New York (1962).
[10] H. Bethage, et al, Electron Microscopy in Solid State Physics (Elsevier Edi) Amsterdom (1987).
[11] G. Machennan, C.A. Reevers, J.Acta Crystals, 18 (1955) 579.
[12] N.A. Curry, D.W. Jones, J. Chem. Soc., A(1971) 3725.
[13] H.C. Gates, Thirty years of progress in Surface Science, In: Crystal growth and characterization, North Holland. (1975)
[14] K.Taukamot, J. Crystal. Growth, 61 (1983) 199.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.