Environmental Risk Imposed by Diverted Flood Waters on Water and Soils in Emergency Retention Basins

DOI: 10.4236/jep.2010.12017   PDF   HTML     6,088 Downloads   9,907 Views  


Emergency retention basins (ERB) are diked enclosures alongside rivers into which water from the main river channel is diverted during extreme floods. If the basins are operated during extreme flooding, two negative environmental impacts may occur: 1) contamination of the soils due to their transport by suspended sediments to the basin and 2) depletion of dissolved oxygen in the basin water. A computer-based methodology is presented which was used to assess the environmental risk exhibited by the operation of an ERB system proposed for the Elbe River in Germany. The August 2002 extreme flood event was used as a test case. For such a flood, the results showed that there is a 77% risk that dissolved oxygen levels fall below 2 mg/L in the water and a 48% chance of exceeding the inspection value of 500 mg zinc/kg in the soil.

Share and Cite:

K. Lindenschmidt, R. Harrison and M. Baborowski, "Environmental Risk Imposed by Diverted Flood Waters on Water and Soils in Emergency Retention Basins," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 1 No. 2, 2010, pp. 129-135. doi: 10.4236/jep.2010.12017.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] K.-E. Lindenschmidt, F. Hattermann, V. Mohaupt, B. Merz, Z. W. Kundzewicz and A. Bronstert, “Large-Scale Hydrological Modelling and the Water Framework Direc- tive and Floods Directive of the European Union,” Advances in Geosciences, Vol. 11, 2007, pp. 1-6.
[2] IWK, “Untersuchung von Hochwasserretentions maßnah- men entlang der Elbe im Bereich der Landkreis Witten- berg und Anhalt-Zerbst” (Kurzfassung), Institute für Wa- sserbau und Kulturtechnik, Universität Karlsruhe, 2004.
[3] K.-E. Lindenschmidt, “Quasi-2D Approach in Modelling the Transport of Contaminated Sediments in Floodplains during River Flooding-Model Coupling and Uncertainty Analysis,” Environmental Engineering Science, Vol. 25, No. 3, 2008, pp. 333-352.
[4] K.-E. Lindenschmidt, S. Huang and M. Baborowski, “A Quasi-2D Flood Modelling Approach to Simulate Substance Transport in ERB Systems for Environmental Flood Risk Assessment,” Science of the Total Environ- ment, Vol. 397, No. 1-3, 2008, pp. 86-102.
[5] K.-E., Lindenschmidt, I. Pech and M. Baborowski, “Environmental Risk of Dissolved Oxygen Depletion of Diverted Flood Waters in River ERB Systems—A Quasi- 2D Flood Modelling Approach,” Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 407, No. 5, 2009, pp. 1598-1612.
[6] S. Huang, J. Rauberg, H. Apel, M. Disse and K.-E. Lindenschmidt, “The Effectiveness of ERB Systems on Peak Discharge Capping of Floods along the Middle Reaches of the Elbe River in Germany,” Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 11, 2007, pp. 1391-1401.
[7] R. B. Ambrose, T. A. Wool and J. L. Martin, “The Water Quality Simulation Program,” Water Quality Analysis Simulation Program v.5, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Athens, GA, 1993.
[8] K.-E. Lindenschmidt, J. Rauberg and F. Hesser, “Extend- ing Uncertainty Analysis of a Hydrodynamic—Water Quality Modeling System Using High Level Architec- ture,” Water Quality Research Journal of Canada, Vol. 40, No. 1, 2005, pp. 59-70.
[9] M. Baborowski, W. von Tümpling and K. Friese, “Beha- viour of Suspended Particulate Matter and Selected Trace Metals during the 2002 Summer Flood in the River Elbe at Magdeburg Monitoring Station,” Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2004, pp. 135-150.
[10] F. Krüger, A. Prange, E. Jantzen, K. Trejtnar and G. Miehlich, “Geogene Hintergrundwerte,” Wasserwirts-chaft- Wassertechnik, Vol. 7, 1998, pp.16-19.
[11] W. Geller, K. Ockenfeld, M. Böhme and A. Knöchel (Eds.), “Schadstoffbelastung nach dem Elbe-Hochwasser 2002,” 2004, p. 460.
[12] ARGE-Elbe, “Gewässergütebericht der Elbe 2004,” Arbeitsgemeinschaft für die Reinhaltung der Elbe,2005, p. 6.
[13] M. Böhme, F. Krüger, K. Ockenfeld and W. Geller, “Scha- dstoffbelastung nach dem Elbe-Hochwasser 2002,” 2005, p. 69.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.