Body Thinking: From Chinese to Global


This essay is devoted to calling global attention to body thinking neglected yet routinely practiced by us all, especially in China for millennia. This essay, one, responds to the feature, universality, of disembodyied thinking, by paralleling it with Chinese body thinking, two, shows how basic body thinking is to disembodied thinking, and three, shows how body thinking in China elucidates bodily matters, time, contingency, and bodily death, what Western disembodied cannot handle.

Share and Cite:

Wu, K. (2012). Body Thinking: From Chinese to Global. Open Journal of Philosophy, 2, 153-164. doi: 10.4236/ojpp.2012.22024.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Arendt, H. (1970). On violence. New York: Harcourt, Brace, and World.
[2] Baskin, W. (Ed.) (1965, 1974). Jean-Paul Sartre: Essays in existentialism. Secaucus, NJ: Citadel Press.
[3] Beck, L. W., Tr. (1949). Kant’s critique of practical reason and other writings in moral philosophy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
[4] Bretall, R. W. (Ed.) (1963). The empirical theology of Henry Nelson Wieman. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.
[5] Handyside, J. Tr. (1929). Kant’s inaugural dissertation and early writings on space. Chicago: Open Court.
[6] Confucius, The Analects.
[7] Honderich, T. (1976). Political violence. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
[8] Kemp, S. N. (1965). Immanuel Kant’s critique of pure reason. New York: St. Martin’s.
[9] Kierkegaard, S. (1941). The sickness unto death. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
[10] Kohlenberger, J. R. III, Goodrick, E. W., & Swanson, J. A., (Eds.) (1997). The Greek-English concordance to the new testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.
[11] Kushner, H. S. (1981). When bad things happen to good people. New York: Schocken Books.
[12] Laozi, Daodejing.
[13] Lehrer, K., & Beanblossom, R. E. (Eds.) (1975). Thomas Reid’s inquiry and essays. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.
[14] Liddell, H. G., & Scott, R. (1996). Greek-English lexicon. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
[15] Lin, Y. (1942). The wisdom of China and India. New York: Random House.
[16] McArthur, T., (Ed.) (1992). The Oxford companion to the English language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[17] Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary (2008).
[18] Oxford English Dictionary (2001). (2nd ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press.
[19] 說文解字詁林 (1983). 臺北市鼎文書局. Collected Commentaries on Encyclopic Dictionary of Etymology. Taipei: Ting-wen Publishers
[20] The Mencius.
[21] Merleau-Ponty, M. (1962). Phenomenology of perception. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
[22] Merleau-Ponty, M. (1964). The primacy of perception. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.
[23] Merleau-Ponty, M. (1968). The visible and the invisible. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.
[24] Merleau-Ponty, M. (1973). The prose of the world. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.
[25] Nagel, T. (1989). The view from nowhere. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[26] Rée, J., & Urmson, J. O., (Eds.) (2005). The concise encyclopedia of western philosophy. London: Routledge.
[27] Reese, W. L. (1999). Dictionary of philosophy and religion. Amherst, NY: Prometheus.
[28] Santayana, G. (1923, 1955). Scepticism and animal faith. New York: Dover.
[29] Santayana, G. (1926, 1948). Dialogues in limbo. New York: Charles Scribner’s.
[30] Schilpp, P. A., & Hahn, L. E. (Eds.) (1984). The philosophy of gabriel marcel. La Salle, IL: Open Court,
[31] Spicker, S. F. (Ed.) (1970). The philosophy of the body: Rejections of cartesian dualism. Chicago: Quadrangle Books.
[32] Urmson, J. O. (1968). The emotive theory of ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[33] Waley, A. (1939, 1982). Three ways of thought in ancient China. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
[34] Wordsworth, W. (1904). The complete poetical works of William Wordsworth: Student’s Cambridge Edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.
[35] Wu, K. (1990). The butterfly as companion. Albany: State University of New York Press.
[36] Wu, K. (1997). On Chinese body thinking: a cultural hermeneutic. Leiden: E. J. Brill.
[37] Wu, K. (2001). On metaphoring: A cultural hermeneutic. Leiden: Brill.
[38] Wu, K. (1998). On the “Logic” of togetherness: A cultural hermeneutic. Leiden: Brill.
[39] Wu, K. (2010). Chinese wisdom alive: Vignettes of life-thinking. New York: Nova Sciences.
[40] Wu, K. (2011). Story-thinking: Cultural meditations. New York: Nova Sciences.
[41] Wu, K. (2012). Nonsense: Cultural meditations on the beyond. New York: Nova Sciences.
[42] Wu, K. (Ed.) (2012). Globalization dynamics. New York: Nova Sciences.
[43] Wu, K. (2013). The beyond: A cultural meditations on religions. New York: Nova Sciences.
[44] Yourgrau, P. (Ed.) (1990). Demonstratives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[45] Zhang, Z. (2008). Traditional Chinese philosophy as the philosophy of the body. Beijing: Chinese Social Sciences Publishers.
[46] The Zhuangzi.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.