Spatial Accessibility of Road Network in Wuhan Metropolitan Area Based on Spatial Syntax


Based on space syntax theory, the spatial accessibility of the road network in Wuhan Metropolitan Area has been quantitatively analyzed by building a series of accessibility variables. Topologic connectivity in the accessible rings appears to be broken; traffic axis network is in spatial structure of hub-and-spoke and fishbone-like. Meanwhile, the differences in classified road network have led to inefficiency of its network servo and its ever-worsening capability to respond to traffic jams. Besides, two band-like integrated cores of which one is east to west along the Yangtze River and the other is north to south along Beijing to Guangzhou Railway, have become the first level traffic axis in the whole network, which is responsible for the connectivity of the entire metropolitan area network. This consequently has strengthened the dominant position of Wuhan which is located on the bands’ crossing. In short, the spatial accessibility of that classified space morphology, the urban system, the transport infrastructure as well as the social and economic development of Wuhan Metropolitan Area are highly interrelated to each other, especially to the high level highway network featured by freeways, the development level of which is well in line with that of road network accessibility.

Share and Cite:

C. Liu and R. Yu, "Spatial Accessibility of Road Network in Wuhan Metropolitan Area Based on Spatial Syntax," Journal of Geographic Information System, Vol. 4 No. 2, 2012, pp. 128-135. doi: 10.4236/jgis.2012.42017.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] X. Cao, X. Yan, et al., “Research on Spatial Evolution in Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Mega-City Corridor,” The Commercial Press, Beijing, 2006, p. 35.
[2] P. Li and Y. Lu, “Review and Prospection of Accessibility Research,” Progress in Geography, Vol. 24, No. 3, 2005, pp. 69-78.
[3] W. G. Hansen, “How Accessibility Shapes Land-Use,” Journal of the American Institute of Planners, Vol. 25, No. 2, 1959, pp. 73-76. doi:10.1080/01944365908978307
[4] D. C. Hodge, “Accessibility-Related Issues”, Journal of Transport Geography, Vol. 5, No. 1, 1997, pp. 33-34. doi:10.1016/S0966-6923(96)00050-6
[5] G. H. Pirie, “Measuring Accessibility: A Review and Proposal,” Environment and Planning A, Vol. 11, No. 3, 1979, pp. 299-312. doi:10.1068/a110299
[6] J. Chen, F. Lu and C. Cheng, “Advance in Accessibility Evaluation Approaches and Applications”, Progress in Geography, Vol. 26, No. 5, 2007, pp. 100-110.
[7] M. E. O’Kelly, “A Geographer’s Analysis of Hub-and- Spoke Networks,” Journal of Transport Geography, Vol. 6, No. 3, 1998, pp. 171-186. doi:10.1016/S0966-6923(98)00010-6
[8] J. Wang and F. Jin, “Railway Network Organization and Spatial Service System Optimization in China,” Acta Geographica Sinica, Vol. 60, No. 3, 2005, pp. 371-380.
[9] V. Roger, K. Spiekermann, et al., “Accessibility and Economic Development in Europe,” Regional Studies, Vol. 33, No. 1, 1999, pp. 1-15. doi:10.1080/00343409950118878
[10] F. Bruinsma, “The Accessibility of European Cities,” Environment and Planning A, Vol. 30, No. 3, 1998, pp. 499- 521. doi:10.1068/a300499
[11] J. Gutierrez, “Location, Economic Potential and Daily Accessibility: An Analysis of the Accessibility Impact of the High-Speed Line Madrid-Barcelona-French Border,” Journal of Transport Geography, Vol. 9, No. 4, 2001, pp. 229-242. doi:10.1016/S0966-6923(01)00017-5
[12] S. Li and Y. Shum, “Impacts of the National Trunk High- way System on Accessibility in China,” Journal of Transport Geography, Vol. 9, No. 1, 2001, pp. 39-48. doi:10.1016/S0966-6923(00)00040-5
[13] F. B. David, “Network Cities: Creative Urban Agglomerations for the 21st Century,” Urban Studies, Vol. 32, No. 2, 1995, pp. 313-327. doi:10.1080/00420989550013103
[14] L. Bertolini, “Mobility Environment and Network Cities,” Journal of Urban Design, Vol. 8, No .1, 2003, pp. 27-43. doi:10.1080/1357480032000064755
[15] F. Jin and J. Wang, “Railway Network Expansion and Spatial Accessibility Analysis in China: 1906-2000,” Acta Geographica Sinica, Vol. 59, No. 2, 2004, pp. 293-302.
[16] X. Cao and X. Yan, “The Impact of the Evolution of Land Network on Spatial Structure of Accessibility in the Developed Areas: The Case of Dongguan City in Guangdong Province,” Geographical Research, Vol. 22, No. 3, 2003, pp. 305-313.
[17] D. E. F. Voskuhl, “Interlinking the Region with Its Centre: The Example of the Karlsruhe in Germany,” Journal of Transport Geography, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1995, pp. 281-286. doi:10.1016/0966-6923(95)00026-7
[18] W. A. Muraco, “Intra-Urban Accessibility,” Economic Geography, Vol. 48, No. 4, 1972, pp. 388-405. doi:10.2307/142890
[19] D. O’Sullivan, A. Morrison, J. Shearer, “Using Desktop GIS for the Investigation of Accessibility by Public Transport: An Isochrones Approach,” International Journal of Geographical Information Science, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2000, pp. 85-104. doi:10.1080/136588100240976
[20] C. Cheng, W. Zhang, J. Chen, et al., “Evaluating the Accessibility about Beijing’s Subways in 2008 Based on Spatial Syntax,” Geo-Information Science, Vol. 9, No. 6, 2007, pp. 31-35.
[21] M. Chen, F. Shen, L. Zha, et al., “A Research on Urban Traffic Network Based on Space Syntax: A Case Study on Wuhu City,” Geography and Geo-Information Science, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2005, pp. 39-42.
[22] W. Wu, Y. Cao and W. Cao, “Spatial Structure and Evolution of Highway Accessibility in the Yangtze River Delta,” Acta Geographica Sinica, Vol. 61, No. 10, 2006, pp. 1065-1074.
[23] J. Bowen, “Airline Hubs in Southeast Asia: National Economic Development and Nodal Accessibility,” Journal of Transport Geography, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2000, pp. 25-41. doi:10.1016/S0966-6923(99)00030-7
[24] S. Fatal, “Land Re-Organization in Relation to Make in an Indian City,” Land Use Policy, Vol. 18, No. 2, 2001, pp. 191-199. doi:10.1016/S0264-8377(01)00007-2
[25] T. Dai, F. Jin and J. Wang, “Spatial Interaction and Network Structure Evolvement of Cities in Term of China’s Railway Passenger Flow in 1990s,” Progress in Geography, Vol. 24, No. 2, 2005, pp.80-89.
[26] J. Li, “A Study of Comparisons of Urban Competitiveness and Accessibility in Shanxi Province,” Geographic Science, Vol. 28, No. 4, 2008, pp. 471-477.
[27] L. Zhang and Y. Lu, “Regional Accessibility of Land Traffic Network in the Yangtze River Delta,” Journal of Geographical Sciences, Vol. 17, No. 3, 2007, pp. 351-364. doi:10.1007/s11442-007-0351-z
[28] C. Liu, M. Ding, Z. Zhang, et al., “Accessibility Analysis on the Spatial Linkage of Wuhan Metropolitan Area,” Progress in Geography, Vol. 26, No .6, 2007, pp. 96-108.
[29] B. Hillier, “Configurational Modeling of Urban Movement Networks,” Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, Vol. 25, No. 1, 1998, pp. 59-84.
[30] C. Gu, “Urban Geography of China,” The Commercial Press, Beijing, 1999, p.164.
[31] C. Liu, R. Yu, J. Xiong, et al., “The Spatial Structure of Economic Linkage of Wuhan Metropolitan Area”, Geographical research, Vol. 26, No. 1, 2007, pp. 197-209.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.