Thermal Modeling of a Novel Heated Tip Injector for Otto Cycle Engines Powered by Ethanol


This work presents a thermal modeling of a new cold-start system technology designed for Otto cycle combustion based on the electromagnetic heating principle. Firstly, the paper presents a state-of-the-art review and presents the context of automobile industry where heated injectors are necessary. The novel method of electromagnetic heating principle to solve the cold-start problem is still in the development phase and it enables engine starting at low temperatures in vehicles powered by ethanol or flex-fuel vehicles (FFV). This new system technology should be available as an alternative to replace the existing system. Currently, the cold-start system uses an auxiliary gasoline tank, which brings some inconvenience for the user. Secondly, the aim was also to create a physical model that takes into consideration all the parameters involved on the heating process such as power heating and average heat transfer coefficient. The study is based on the lumped system theory to model the ethanol heating process. From the analysis, two ordinary differential equations arise, which allowed an analytical solution. Particularly, an ethanol heating curve inside the injector was obtained, an important parameter in the process. Comparison with experimental data from other authors is also provided. Finally, a sensitivity analysis of controlling parameters such as heating power and heat transfer coefficient variation. The paper is concluded with suggestions for further studies.

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A. Rezende and J. Simoes-Moreira, "Thermal Modeling of a Novel Heated Tip Injector for Otto Cycle Engines Powered by Ethanol," Energy and Power Engineering, Vol. 4 No. 2, 2012, pp. 85-91. doi: 10.4236/epe.2012.42012.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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