Taxonomic Revision of the Genus Pistacia L. (Anacardiaceae)
Mohannad G. AL-Saghir, Duncan M. Porter
DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2012.31002   PDF    HTML   XML   10,309 Downloads   19,877 Views   Citations


Pistacia is an economically important genus because it contains the pistachio crop, P. vera, which has edible seeds of considerable commercial importance whose value has increased over the last two decades reaching an annual value of about $2 billion (harvested crop). The taxonomic relationships among its species are controversial and not well under- stood due to the fact that they have no genetic barriers. The taxonomy of this genus is revised in detail through our re- search. It includes the following taxa: Pistacia atlantica Desf., P. chinensis Bunge subsp. chinensis, P. chinensis subsp. falcata (Bess. ex Martinelli) Rech. f., P. chinensis subsp. integerrima (J.L. Stew. ex Brandis) Rech. f., P. eurycarpa Yalt., P. khinjuk Stocks, P. lentiscus L. subsp. lentiscus, P. lentiscus subsp. emarginata (Engl.) AL-Saghir, P. mexicana Humb., Bonpl., & Kunth, P. X saportae Burnat, P. terebinthus L., P. vera L., and P. weinmannifolia Poiss. ex Franch. The genus is divided into two sections: section Pistacia and section Lentiscella. A key to the 14 taxa that have been recognized by this study is included. The new combination P. lentiscus subsp. emarginata (Engl.) AL-Saghir is made, and the names P. chinensis subsp. integerrima (J. L. Stew. ex Brandis) Rech. F., P. terebinthus L., and P. vera L. are lectotypified.

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M. AL-Saghir and D. Porter, "Taxonomic Revision of the Genus Pistacia L. (Anacardiaceae)," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 1, 2012, pp. 12-32. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2012.31002.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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