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Novel method for discerning the action of selection during evolution

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DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2010.32016    4,353 Downloads   7,846 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

A common problem in molecular comparative geno- mics is the identification of genes that are under positive, adaptive selection [1]. Such genes are likely to be crucial for speciation, species differentiation, and func- tional specialization. However, discerning the difference between positive selection and relaxation of func- tional constraint can be difficult using current methods. Both processes generally increase the rate of ami- no acid change relative to synonymous changes within coding regions, and unless the amino acid rate is over- whelmingly high across an entire gene, the signature of positive selection can be obscured [2]. Some methodologies do not explicitly determine the difference be- tween a relaxation of functional constraint and positive selection, leaving researchers to determine via other means whether the trajectory of a gene has been specialization or creation of a new function, or removal from the genome via a process of degeneration.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Yang, M. , Solidar, A. and J. Wyckoff, G. (2010) Novel method for discerning the action of selection during evolution. Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, 3, 109-113. doi: 10.4236/jbise.2010.32016.

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