World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases

Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2023)

ISSN Print: 2164-5329   ISSN Online: 2164-5337

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.38  Citations  

Heart Disease Scleroderma Revelators: About a Clinical Case

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DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2023.139051    54 Downloads   242 Views  

ABSTRACT

Scleroderma (or systemic sclerosis) is a disease characterized by abnormalities in the functioning of small blood vessels and the immune system, ultimately leading to inflammation and excessive fibrosis of the skin and various organs, including the heart. Management must be multidisciplinary, to avoid complications that are often serious. We report the case of a 20-year-old patient with no known cardiovascular history who consults for dyspnea, and retrosternal pain associated with a dry cough. On physical examination, she had tachycardia, swelling of the lower limbs, jugular turgidity, and deafening heart sounds. Cardiac Doppler ultrasound shows dilation of the right cavities, paradoxical septum and significant pulmonary arterial hypertension, pericardial effusion of medium abundance. On oral examination, it presents an ulceration of the lips, dermatological examination finds scattered hypo chromic spots in the body, more accentuated in the face. Before the hypo chromic dermatosis, a dermatological consultation was carried out with an autoimmune assessment that came back positive for systemic scleroderma.

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Thiam, C. , Sonfo, B. , Camara, Y. , Keita, A. , Sako, M. , Traoré, B. , Koné, D. , Touré, M. , Konaté, M. , Bâ, H. , Sangaré, I. , Daffe, S. , Fofana, D. , Traoré, M. , Dembélé, B. , Diarra, B. , Camara, H. , Sidibé, S. , Coulibaly, S. , Menta, I. and Faye, O. (2023) Heart Disease Scleroderma Revelators: About a Clinical Case. World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases, 13, 578-585. doi: 10.4236/wjcd.2023.139051.

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