Open Journal of Preventive Medicine

Volume 9, Issue 11 (November 2019)

ISSN Print: 2162-2477   ISSN Online: 2162-2485

Google-based Impact Factor: 1.49  Citations  h5-index & Ranking

Retention of Skills with and without Debriefing Three-Months after Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training in Makkah, Saudi Arabia: A Randomized Controlled Trial

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DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2019.911013    221 Downloads   437 Views  


Background: Evidence of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performance has driven interest in procedures, e.g., debriefing to improve CPR quality. Aim: To investigate retention of skills with and without debriefing 3-months after CPR training on high-fidelity manikins (HFM) among participants involved in the “Heart Safe City Initiative” event (HSCI) in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A randomized controlled design was used during October 2017-January 2018. Participants were divided into two groups: an intervention group to receive debriefing after CPR (debriefing group or “subjects”), and a non-intervention group (“controls”). Participants were tested repeatedly: before training (pre-training test), immediately after and 3-months after training (retention or late test); and scores for each test were recorded. Results: The study’s subjects and controls did not vary by age, sex, nationality, and profession’s criteria (p > 0.05, all analyses). The mean retention posttests scores significantly varied between subjects and controls [t>(df = 200) = 27.7, p < 0.0001)]; however, the two groups did not vary in their immediate score levels (mean ranks: 106.77 v. 95.68, p = 0.18). Further, the immediate posttest scores were significantly higher than the pretests’ within the study population as a whole group [mean difference 38.05% ± 27.59%, t>(df = 201) = 13.5, p < 0.001]; within subjects [mean difference 40.68% ± 29.26%, t>(105) = 14.31, p < 0.0001]; and within controls [mean difference 35.06% ± 25.44%, t>(df = 95) = 13.50, p < 0.0001]. The retention scores also behaved likewise [mean difference 40.35% ± 27.5%, t>(df = 201) = 20.85, p < 0.0001; mean difference 52.57% ± 25.22%, t>(df = 105) = 21.46, p < 0.0001; mean difference 26.86% ± 23.39%, t>(df = 95) = 22.12, p < 0.0001, respectively]. Subjects reported a significantly higher retention scores than the immediate scores [mean difference 11.88% ± 25.67%, t>(df = 200),4.76, p < 0.0001]; compared with controls who performed otherwise (mean difference -8.19% ± 27.20%, t(df = 97) = -2.95, p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Debriefing using HFM training achieves the target of improving the public’s skills of CPR. Considering the urgent need to recruit every society member to be a heartsaver; debriefing after CPR training helps improve the quality and retention of basic CPR skills.

Cite this paper

Gaafar, R.M., Elmorsy, S.A., Khan, A.S., Al-harazi, M.K., Al-harazi, S.K. and Al-harazi, N.K. (2019) Retention of Skills with and without Debriefing Three-Months after Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training in Makkah, Saudi Arabia: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, 9, 141-154. doi: 10.4236/ojpm.2019.911013.

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