Open Journal of Social Sciences

Volume 7, Issue 3 (March 2019)

ISSN Print: 2327-5952   ISSN Online: 2327-5960

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.93  Citations  

The Game of Monetary Policy, Inflation and Economic Growth

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DOI: 10.4236/jss.2019.73022    887 Downloads   1,895 Views  Citations

ABSTRACT

Ghana has been confronted with series of economic problems to the extent of calling on the IMF for a bailout after every eight years. This situation has persisted in spite of various monetary authority stabilization policies. This paper therefore focuses on investigating the games of monetary policy, inflation and economic growth of the Ghanaian economy for the period of 1982-2017. Using Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) to cointegration model, it was revealed from the study that in the long run interest rate significantly influences economic growth but in a negative direction, implies that a higher interest rate has the tendency to restrained economic growth and inflationary pressures. In relation to exchange rate, the long run result indicates an insignificant negative effect on economic growth. The general results suggest that macroeconomic variable which influences economic growth is interest rate and exchange rate. This is evidence that macroeconomic instabilities have significant effect on economic growth. This therefore calls for fiscal discipline and autonomy power to the Bank of Ghana with less interreference from the government to enable the smooth implementation of monetary policies without any string of politics attached.

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Wauk, G. and Adjorlolo, G. (2019) The Game of Monetary Policy, Inflation and Economic Growth. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 7, 255-271. doi: 10.4236/jss.2019.73022.

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