Journal of Water Resource and Protection

Volume 10, Issue 10 (October 2018)

ISSN Print: 1945-3094   ISSN Online: 1945-3108

Google-based Impact Factor: 1.31  Citations  h5-index & Ranking

Characterization and Laboratory-Scale Treatment of Municipal Drainage Wastewater of Khulna, Bangladesh

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DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2018.1010057    693 Downloads   963 Views  

ABSTRACT

The study was conducted to characterize and perform laboratory-scale treatment of municipal drainage wastewater of Khulna, Bangladesh. Wastewater samples were collected from three different points of existing urban drain outlets into the Mayur River around Khulna. Laboratory testing shows the BOD5 and COD concentration of wastewater samples varied from 57 - 226 mg/l and 320 - 435 mg/l, respectively, and the total dissolved solids ranged from 1800 - 2525 mg/l. Therefore, a laboratory-scale treatment technology was developed to treat this wastewater. Treatment technologies adopted were primary sedimentation, followed by aeration, chemical precipitation and filtration. In treated wastewater, BOD5, COD and TDS were found to be in the range of 40 - 115 mg/l, 160 - 256 mg/l and 1356 - 1500 mg/l, respectively. These test results suggest that the performance of laboratory-scale treatment plant was not adequate to fulfil the acceptable limit (ECR’97) for safe disposal into surface water bodies. Due to poor quality of effluents, modification of laboratory-scale treatment plant was made by an activated sludge process followed by granular media filtration. The final BOD5, COD TDS and TSS concentration of effluents was found to be 1.38 - 9.8 mg/l, 32 - 192 mg/l, 590 - 1667 mg/l, and 35 - 95 mg/l respectively, which satisfy ECR’97 standard limits for safe disposal into inland water bodies.

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Sheikh, M. and Islam, M. (2018) Characterization and Laboratory-Scale Treatment of Municipal Drainage Wastewater of Khulna, Bangladesh. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 10, 979-993. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2018.1010057.

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