Surgical Science

Volume 9, Issue 9 (September 2018)

ISSN Print: 2157-9407   ISSN Online: 2157-9415

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Blows and Voluntary Wounds of the Emergency Unite in Gabriel Toure Teaching Hospital in Bamako

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DOI: 10.4236/ss.2018.99040    453 Downloads   690 Views  

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Voluntary assault and injuries are acts that damage the physical and psychological integrity of a human being. WHO in its global report on violence and health estimates that in 2000, 1.6 million people worldwide died as a result of self-harm, interpersonal or collective violence, resulting in an overall rate adjusted by age of 28.8 per 100,000 population. Because of the seriousness of this phenomenon and the heavy socio-economic and health consequences that they generate, it seemed important to us to undertake this study, which aimed to study the deliberate injuries in the emergency unite of the Gabriel Touré Teaching Hospital in Bamako. Material and methods: This was a descriptive and cross-sectional study with a prospective study from September 1st, 2016 to August 31st, 12 months, covering 295 patients, including any patient received for voluntary injury consultation with a workable medical record and/or a full investigation record with or without requisition. Our data were collected on individual survey cards and subsequently analyzed with Word, Excel, IBM SPSS Statistics 22 software. Results: The majority of victims of assault and bodily injury were male with 83.1%; with a sex ratio of 4.9, the 18 to 28 age group was the most concerned with 163 cases of the 295 cases in our study, 55.2%. The extremes were 6 and 100 years old with an ectype at 11.08. The most affected ethnic group was Bambara with 38.6% (n = 114) followed by Fulani with 15.6% (n = 46). Students were the most affected at 24.7% (n = 73), followed by traders at 10%. The victims coming from outside Bamako are the most predominant with 22.4% (n = 66) followed by those of commune IV of Bamako 15.6% (n = 46). In 92.2% of the cases the mechanism was direct with n = 272. Of the lesions recorded in our study, wounds came first with 53.2% of cases. Radiography was the most used imaging at 44.7% (n = 89) followed by computed tomography at 34.7% (n = 69). The hemoperitoneum objectified by abdominal ultrasound represented 29.3% (n = 12). Fractures embarrure associated with bruising-hemorrhagic bruises were the most predominant with 13.4% (n = 10) objectified by brain scan. Conclusion: We note that the phenomenon of violence has reached worrying proportions, especially among young adults, particularly among students and is observed in all so-cio-professional layers. The polymorphism of these injuries caused by the predominant use of knives must draw the attention of our authorities to take measures to reduce these aggressions.

Cite this paper

Moustapha, M. , Thierno Madane, D. , Abdoul Hamidou, A. , Soumaila, K. , Aladji Seydou, D. , Sogoba, Y. , Madiassa, K. , Siriman, K. , Amadou, T. , Amadou, I. , Siaka, B. , Kanté, A. , Sadio, D. , Harouna, S. , Bakary Tientigui, D. , Adegné, T. and Djibo Mahamane, D. (2018) Blows and Voluntary Wounds of the Emergency Unite in Gabriel Toure Teaching Hospital in Bamako. Surgical Science, 9, 334-343. doi: 10.4236/ss.2018.99040.

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