Journal of Environmental Protection

Volume 2, Issue 9 (November 2011)

ISSN Print: 2152-2197   ISSN Online: 2152-2219

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Degradation of Lindane (γ-HCH) in a Mollisol as Effected by Different Soil Amendments

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DOI: 10.4236/jep.2011.29138    4,345 Downloads   7,674 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Soil amendments play an important role in management of pesticide residues. In this study, incubation experiment was conducted using the surface (0 - 15 cm) sample of a mollisol supplied with different soil amendments (farmyard manure, cow-dung slurry, pyrite and gypsum) to investigate the effect of amendments on the dissipation of lindane in mollisols. Dissipation of lindane in soil was studied at eight consecutive samplings (0, 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 15 and 30 d). The results indicated that soil amendments could promote the degradation of lindane in soil. After 30 d of incubation 79% degradation was observed in the untreated soil (without any amendment) whereas, in the case of farmyard manure and cow-dung slurry amended soils, 83% and 91% degradation was observed, respectively. The pyrite and gypsum amendments also enhanced the degradation of lindane in soils, but the effect was less pronounced as compared to the organic amendments. Enhanced degradation in soil treated with organic amendments could be attributed to stimulated microbial activity after the addition of organic amendments. These addition, under different soil management conditions, minimize the persistence of lindane and consequently the risk of leaching and seepage into aquifers.

Cite this paper

G. Bhatia, A. Srivastava and P. Srivastava, "Degradation of Lindane (γ-HCH) in a Mollisol as Effected by Different Soil Amendments," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 2 No. 9, 2011, pp. 1207-1210. doi: 10.4236/jep.2011.29138.

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