Journal of Water Resource and Protection

Volume 10, Issue 2 (February 2018)

ISSN Print: 1945-3094   ISSN Online: 1945-3108

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Evaluating Discharge Capacity of Major Chara’s of Sylhet City Using GIS

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DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2018.102010    673 Downloads   1,572 Views  

ABSTRACT

Heavy rainfall is one of the most frequent and widespread severe weather hazards that affect Sylhet city. In Sylhet, nine natural channels locally called “chara” are mainly responsible for the drainage of heavy rainfall to the Surma River. The present condition of this natural drainage is not feasible due to the unplanned land development and manipulation by people. So water logging is a common scenario of Sylhet city. Many parts of Sylhet city are experiencing the severe inundation problem due to heavy rainfall. Time series analysis of rainfall data (1974-2015) is important for knowing and predicting of rainfall variation. Mann-Kendall analysis showed no trend for monthly and yearly rainfall data. The rainfall intensity of Sylhet is higher than other districts of Bangladesh. In this study, IDF (Intensity Duration Frequency) curve has been developed that is commonly used in engineering planning and design. By using IDF curve, ArcGIS software, DEM map, and normal discharge, maximum discharge for a different point of Mongoli chara and Bolramer chara has been calculated (for 25 years return period). Discharge through Mongoli chara and Bolramer chara has been represented in ArcMap using ordinary kriging. To keep the catchment of those chara free from inundation and water logging problem, this calculated discharge needed to be managed.

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Munna, G. , Alam, J. , Ahmed, J. and Mamun, A. (2018) Evaluating Discharge Capacity of Major Chara’s of Sylhet City Using GIS. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 10, 167-181. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2018.102010.

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