Journal of Geographic Information System

Volume 9, Issue 5 (October 2017)

ISSN Print: 2151-1950   ISSN Online: 2151-1969

Google-based Impact Factor: 1.08  Citations  h5-index & Ranking

Historical Land Use/Cover Changes and the Hemeroby Levels of a Bio-Cultural Landscape: Past, Present and Future

HTML  XML Download Download as PDF (Size: 7020KB)  PP. 576-590  
DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2017.95036    1,321 Downloads   2,752 Views  Citations


The urbanization of a campus landscape has required much space for this expansion, reinforcing the status of geographical space as a limited resource. We analyzed the effects of land cover change assessed over temporal dataset on composition and configuration dynamics of UFSCar (Federal University of São Carlos) campus landscape, based on a descriptive view of the hemeroby levels, over a 54-year period (1962-2016), in order to understand the impacts of past anthropogenic induced landscape change and inform decision making with regard to biodiversity management. The classification of land use/cover dynamics, over time, was obtained based on screen digitizing of aerial photos and LandSat imagery. An ordinal scale ranging from ahemerob to metahemerob was applied to assess the hemerobiotic state of each land use type. Currently, The UFSCar landscape campus configures a biocultural mosaic in different stages of hemeroby. Thus a campus landscape dynamics model, which can be denoted as “forestry-conservation-urban model”, anthropogenic landscape is replaced by natural one, later by land cover reflecting the spatial anthropization process. Through time, two hemerobiotic trajectories were identified, in which 1) an euhemerob landscape matrix is substituted by an ahemerob one, resulting in increased naturalness of the campus landscape, and then 2) metahemerob patch types will later on increasing as a consequence of ongoing urbanization. Expressive amount of ahemerob patches in campus landscape fulfills one of the conditions for maintenance of the capacity for self-regulation and sustainability of a biocultural landscape. This framework provides an essential tool supporting with essential information about current and historical landscape sustainability for campus landscape management and support decision making process. The main institutional challenge for campus landscape sustainable management lies in the balance between the competitors of the campus landscape matrix: conservation x urbanization.

Share and Cite:

Fushita, A. , Santos, J. , Rocha, Y. and Zanin, E. (2017) Historical Land Use/Cover Changes and the Hemeroby Levels of a Bio-Cultural Landscape: Past, Present and Future. Journal of Geographic Information System, 9, 576-590. doi: 10.4236/jgis.2017.95036.

Cited by

[1] An Approach to Verify Naturalness Loss and Its Relation with Ecosystems Services in Brazilian Cerrado: Implications to Management
Journal of Geoscience …, 2022
[2] 自然度评价应用于城市生物多样性保护的研究进展
生态与农村环境学报, 2022
[3] Multi-resolution 3D reconstruction of cultural landscape heritage based on cloud computing and hd image data
[4] Remaining eucalypt trees may hamper woody plant regeneration in a neotropical savanna
[5] Assessing Naturalness Changes Resulting from a Historical Land Use in Brazil South Region: An Analysis of the 1986-2016 Period
Journal of Environmental Protection, 2019
[6] Spatial pattern of invasive and native graminoids in the Brazilian cerrado
Plant Ecology, 2019
[7] A multiscale analysis of land use dynamics in the buffer zone of Rio Doce State Park, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 2019

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.