World Journal of Engineering and Technology

Volume 4, Issue 3 (October 2016)

ISSN Print: 2331-4222   ISSN Online: 2331-4249

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.87  Citations  

Optimal Cross-Sectional Shape of Gas/Air Ducts

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DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2016.43D030    901 Downloads   1,803 Views  


In industrial plants, ships, and buildings, a large amount of gas and air ducts are applied for equipment connection, HVAC, medium transport, and exhaust, etc. These ducts can be designed in varied cross-sectional shapes, such as round or rectangle. The author reveals through geometric calculation of the duct cross-sectional shapes and engineering experiences that the round cross-section is an optimal shape in the duct system. The round duct has the shorter perimeter than the other cross-sectional shape ducts and the stronger structure in the same working condition. The material saving of the round duct due to the shorter perimeter is quantitatively determined. In the pater, it is shown that the round duct is economically attractive. The economic analysis for the material cost saving is illustrated by an example. For a long duct system, the material and material cost savings are significant. It is suggested that the round duct in the gas and air duct system should have priority as long as the field conditions are allowed. In the paper, the material cost saving is also converted to PW, AW, and FW used for LCC economic analysis.

Cite this paper

Gu, Y. (2016) Optimal Cross-Sectional Shape of Gas/Air Ducts. World Journal of Engineering and Technology, 4, 250-255. doi: 10.4236/wjet.2016.43D030.

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