Journal of Geographic Information System

Volume 8, Issue 5 (October 2016)

ISSN Print: 2151-1950   ISSN Online: 2151-1969

Google-based Impact Factor: 1.58  Citations  h5-index & Ranking

Estimation of Sediment Yield of Govindsagar Catchment, Lalitpur District, (U.P.), India, Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques

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DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2016.85049    1,987 Downloads   2,956 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Soil erosion is a global phenomenon, which results in sedimentation and siltation of reservoirs of major rivers. Remote sensing data provide a synoptic view from which several surface parameters can be derived to assess the sedimentation yield in the reservoirs. Hence estimation of sediment yield has become one of the important tasks for planners, engineers and decision makers. The present study in Govindsagar catchment, Lalitpur District, Uttar Pradesh (India), has been carried out using IRS LISS III data to analyse land use/cover characteristics besides drainage basin characterstics. Subsequently, Sediment Yield Index (SYI) of Govindsagar catchment has been estimated using surface derivatives and morphometric parameters using empirical formulae. Integration of results obtained from satellite data and morphometric analysis suggests that the Govindsagar catchment has very low rate of sediment yield i.e. 0.07 ha·m/year indicating a gentle slope and sustainable land use practices in the catchment. Low sediment yield also suggests less erosion in the catchment areas and healthy land use/cover scenario.

Cite this paper

Javed, A. , Tanzeel, K. and Aleem, M. (2016) Estimation of Sediment Yield of Govindsagar Catchment, Lalitpur District, (U.P.), India, Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques. Journal of Geographic Information System, 8, 595-607. doi: 10.4236/jgis.2016.85049.

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