Journal of Environmental Protection

Volume 7, Issue 11 (October 2016)

ISSN Print: 2152-2197   ISSN Online: 2152-2219

Google-based Impact Factor: 1.55  Citations  h5-index & Ranking

Sustainable Development and Restoring the Landscape after Coal Mining in the Northern Part of the Czech Republic

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DOI: 10.4236/jep.2016.711125    1,773 Downloads   2,730 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Coal mining has an impact on the countryside and landscape where the exploitation of the mineral occurs, particularly with regard to the way it is mined, the technology used, the surface area, and the shape of the coalfield and extent of mining. The impact of mining, which is predominantly negative, is gradually being eliminated today in accordance with applicable laws by applying knowledge and experience and with the help of a variety of reclamation and revitalization activities. The newly created landscape gives the area new value and opportunity for use. The process of restoring a landscape after coal mining should be primarily guided by the principle of sustainable development to ensure that a balance of the social, economic and environmental aspects is achieved. This article discusses the theoretical basis of the individual possibilities for restoring the landscape in such a way that the anthropogenic formations caused by coal mining are best incorporated into the surrounding landscape and likewise meet the social and economic needs of society. A model area can be found in the northern part of the Czech Republic that has been scarred by coal strip mining for nearly 200 years, but the adverse effects on the landscape have been successfully smoothed over by reclamation methods.

Cite this paper

Vrablikova, J. , Wildova, E. and Vrablik, P. (2016) Sustainable Development and Restoring the Landscape after Coal Mining in the Northern Part of the Czech Republic. Journal of Environmental Protection, 7, 1483-1496. doi: 10.4236/jep.2016.711125.

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