Health

Volume 4, Issue 9 (September 2012)

ISSN Print: 1949-4998   ISSN Online: 1949-5005

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.86  Citations  

Study of the effects of natural toothbrush (Salva-dora persica) in prevention of dental caries and plaque index

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DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.49096    5,175 Downloads   7,978 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Background: Nowadays, though more attention is being paid to oral and dental hygiene all over the world, dental caries and periodontal diseases are increasing daily. We decided to study the effectiveness of natural toothbrush in prevention of dental caries and plaque formation. Methods: This analytic, semi-experimental clinical trial included 390 individuals. Subjects were divided into 3 groups: using natural toothbrush, using artificial toothbrush and using both natural and artificial toothbrush. The plaque index and DMFT was assessed at the beginning of the study until 1 year. ANOVA, Kruskal Wallis, LSD, Paired t-test, chi square, Fisher exact and Mc-Nemar tests were used for data analysis. Results: The plaque index in all three groups showed a mean reduction of 0.71. The mean DMFT in the samples before intervention was 8.38 ± 4.14 and increased to 9.1 ± 4.56. At the end of the study, the lowest plaque index was observed in the group using both the natural and artificial methods. During one year follow-up, the plaque index decreased 1.16, 0.83, and 0.21 degrees in the first, second and third groups. Conclusion: The increase in DMFT in the group that used artificial toothbrush was more than other groups. Thus, use of natural toothbrush leads to a decrease in growth rate of DMFT. Therefore natural toothbrush can be used for the cleaning of teeth and prevention of dental caries.

Cite this paper

Ezoddini-Ardakani, F. , Shadkam, M. , Fotouhi, H. , Kashani, F. , Abbassi, M. , Hashemian, Z. , Dehghani, H. , Jaffari, M. , Barzegar, H. , Nazarinejhad, F. , Jafari, M. , Heydaripour, A. , Dashti, M. , Hedayati, A. , Masoumi, M. and Ebrahimi, S. (2012) Study of the effects of natural toothbrush (Salva-dora persica) in prevention of dental caries and plaque index. Health, 4, 612-618. doi: 10.4236/health.2012.49096.

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