Surgical Science

Volume 11, Issue 12 (December 2020)

ISSN Print: 2157-9407   ISSN Online: 2157-9415

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.36  Citations  h5-index & Ranking

Peritonitis Management through Appendicular Perforation in the Department of Surgery Bougouni Hospital (Mali)

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DOI: 10.4236/ss.2020.1112046    46 Downloads   120 Views  

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Appendicular peritonitis is a complication of acute appendicitis characterized by the spread of the infectious process in the peritoneal cavity thus achieving wide spread or localized purulent peritonitis; it’s a medico-surgical emergency. Our objectives are to determine the frequency, describe the clinical, therapeutic and prognostic aspects of peritonitis by appendicular perforations. Patients-Method: This was a 24-month retro, prospective, descriptive study from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2019; conducted in the Bougouni Reference Health Center Surgery Unit. All patients of appendicular peritonitis at the Bougouni Reference Health Centre were included. Results: During the study period, 68 cases of generalized acute peritonitis including 30 appendicular peritonitis cases were collected. Appendicular peritonitis accounted for 44.1% of surgical procedures. Males accounted for 71.0% with a sex ratio of 1.2 at risk of men, the average age was 26.07 years. Abdominal pain and vomiting were the reasons for consultation in 86.7% and 76.7% of cases. Physical examination was used in most cases to make the diagnosis. X-ray of the abdomen without preparation, and abdominal ultrasound were performed systematically. Surgical treatment consisted of an appendectomy with peritoneal toilet followed by drainage. The average length of hospitalization was 8.8 days with extremes of 1 - 44 days. Hospital mortality was 3.3%; morbidity and high mortality were related to delayed consultation. Conclusion: Appendicular generalized acute peritonitis is a medical-surgical emergency with a high mortality rate associated with delayed management.

Cite this paper

Keita, S. , Keita, K. , Coulibaly, M. , Sissoko, M. , Soumare, L. , Sacko, O. , Koumaré, S. , Koita, A. , Keita, S. , Dramane, M. and Sanogo, Z. (2020) Peritonitis Management through Appendicular Perforation in the Department of Surgery Bougouni Hospital (Mali). Surgical Science, 11, 446-452. doi: 10.4236/ss.2020.1112046.

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