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Health Status and Access to Health Services in Indian Slums

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DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.72029    4,709 Downloads   7,584 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This paper analyzes the state of health and access to health services among the urban poor in India. Analysis is based on data from a primary survey conducted among 2000 households, covering 10,929 individuals from four cities of India. Summary statistics and regressions (using STATA) are used for data analysis. Results show lack of government facilities and services, a very high preference for private health facilities, high expenses especially in private but also in public facilities, and a perception that private facilities are offering high quality services as important concerns. An econometric analysis of the determinants of acute illness indicates the insufficiency of basic amenities like sanitation, garbage disposal and potable water. Together with the lack of availability of government health facilities in the vicinity, these results indicate continued vulnerability of the urban poor, and the need for urgent government action.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Gupta, I. and Guin, P. (2015) Health Status and Access to Health Services in Indian Slums. Health, 7, 245-255. doi: 10.4236/health.2015.72029.

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