Temporal Variation of the Concentration of Carbon Monoxide in the Center West of Brazil


South Mato Grosso has been developing very rapidly in recent decades, and it is clearly leaving behind the status of being solely an agricultural region to become an important state in the areas of commerce and industry. Nevertheless, it is still possible to observe the harmful effects of atmospheric pollution due to biomass burning activities, even if those actions are being systematically reduced in the state throughout the past several years. This kind of pollution persists not only due to local activities but also due to the pollution of other states and even other border countries. Satellite remote sensing has proven to be an important tool of environmental control vis-à-vis the ease of data acquisition, accuracy and wide temporal range. A study has been conducted of spatial and temporal concentration of carbon monoxide (CO) in the state of South Mato Grosso from 2001 through 2012 using the MOPITT sensor onboard the TERRA satellite. The carbon monoxide comes principally from the incomplete combustion of vehicles engines and biomass burnings. A direct correlation of the CO concentration in the state of South Mato Grosso is observed precisely during the months of drought (August to October), for which the number of fire outbreaks is the highest of the year.

Share and Cite:

Souza, A. , Aristones, F. , Silva, G. , Fernandes, W. and Braga, C. (2014) Temporal Variation of the Concentration of Carbon Monoxide in the Center West of Brazil. Atmospheric and Climate Sciences, 4, 563-568. doi: 10.4236/acs.2014.44051.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Alvarez, H.B. (2008) Introduction. In: Theodore, L., Ed., Air Pollution Control Equipment Calculations, John Wiley & Sons Inc., Hoboken, 2.
[2] EPA. Environmental Protect Agency. http://www.epa.gov/airquality/particlepollution/
[3] Theodore, L. (2008) Air pollution Control Equipment Calculations. John Wiley & Sons Inc., Hoboken, 10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470255773
[4] CETESB. State of Sao Paulo Environmental Company. http://www.cetesb.sp.gov.br/ar/informacoes-basicas/20-historico
[5] Seinfield, J.H. and Pandis, S.N. (2006) Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. 2nd Edition, John Wiley & Sons Inc., Hoboken.
[6] BRASIL. Laws and etc. Text about the National Programa of Air Pollution Control. Conama resolution number 05 of 06/15/1989, Complemented by Resolutions Number 3 and 8/90. Published in DOU on 08/25/1989, Section i, pages 14713-14714. http://www.mma.gov.br/port/conama/legiabre.cfm?codlegi=81
[7] CETESB. State of Sao Paulo Environmental Company. http://www.cetesb.sp.gov.br/ar/Informa??es-B?sicas/21-Poluentes
[8] Edwards, D.P., Emmons, L.K., Gille, J.C., Chu, A., Attié, J.-L., Giglio, L., Wood, S.W., Haywood, J., Deeter, M.N., Massie, S.T., Ziskin, D.C. and Drummond, J.R. (2006) Satellite-Observed Pollution from Southern Hemisphere Biomass Burning. Journal of Geophysics Research, 111.
[9] WDC-RSAT—World Data Centre for Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere.
[10] Worden, J., Aben, I., Bowman, K.W., Clerbaux, C., Coheur, P.F., de Laat, A.T.J., Detweiler, R., Drummond, J.R., Edwards, D.P., Gille, J.C., Hurtmans, D., Luo, M., Martínez-Alonso, S., Massie, S., Pfister, G. and Warner, J.X. (2013) Decadal Record of Satellite Carbon Monoxide Observations. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 837-850. http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-837-2013
[11] Andrade, F., Orsini, C. and Maenhaut, W. (1994) Relations between Aerosol Sources and Meteorological Parameters for Inhalable Atmospheric Particles in Sao Paulo City, Brazil. Atmospheric Environment, 28, 2307-2315. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/1352-2310(94)90484-7
[12] Massambani, O. and Andrade, M.F. (1994) Seasonal Behavior of Tropospheric Ozone in the Sao Paulo (Brazil) Metropolitan Area. Atmospheric Environment, 28, 3165-3169.
[13] Castanho, A.D.A. and Artaxo, P. (2001) Wintertime and Summertime Sao Paulo Aerosol Source Apportionment Study. Atmospheric Environment, 35, 4889-4992. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1352-2310(01)00357-0
[14] Martinis, B.S., Okamoto, R.A., Kado, N.Y., Gundel, L.A. and Carvalho, L.R.F. (2002) Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Bioassay-Fractionated Extract of PM10 Collected in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Atmospheric Environment, 36, 307-314. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1352-2310(01)00334-X
[15] Miranda, R.M., Andrade, M.F., Worobiec, A. and Grieken, R.V. (2002) Characterization of Aerosol Particles in the Sao Paulo Metropolitan Area. Atmospheric Environment, 36, 345-352.
[16] Sanchez-Ccoyollo, O.R. and Andrade, M.F. (2002) The Influence of Meteorological Conditions on the Behavior of Pollutants Concentration in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Atmospheric Environment, 116, 257-263.
[17] AERONET. Aerosol Robotic Network. http://aeronet.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/bamgomas_interactive

Copyright © 2021 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.