Psychometric Properties of the Greek Version of the Children and Youth Physical Self-Perception Profile Questionnaire


The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Greek version of the Children and Youth Physical Self-Perception Profile questionnaire. The factor structure, internal consistency, temporal stability, concurrent and criterion-related validity, and social desirability effect were examined. Results from the confirmatory factor analyzes supported the six-factor solution and the hypothesized hierarchical structure of these factors. Internal consistency and temporal stability were adequate and no social desirability effect was emerged. Moreover, the concurrent and the criterion validity of the questionnaire were supported. In particular, questionnaire subscales were correlated in expected ways with corresponding subscales of the Harter’s Self-Perception Profile for Children as well as with students’ scores in shuttle run test and the participation time in sport. Overall, the results showed that the Greek version of the scale is a valid and reliable instrument that can be used to examine Greek children’s and youth’s self-perceptions.

Share and Cite:

Kolovelonis, A. , Mousouraki, M. , Goudas, M. & Michalopoulou, M. (2013). Psychometric Properties of the Greek Version of the Children and Youth Physical Self-Perception Profile Questionnaire. Advances in Physical Education, 3, 158-164. doi: 10.4236/ape.2013.34026.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Asci, F. H., Eklund, R. C., Whitehead, J. R., Kirazci, S., & Koca, C. (2005). Use of the CY-PSPP in other cultures: A preliminary investigation of its factorial validity for Turkish children and youth. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 6, 33-50.
[2] Bentler, P. M. (2006). EQS 6 Structural Equations Program Manual. Encino, CA: Multivariate Software, Inc.
[3] Biddle, S., Page, A., Ashford, B., Jennings, D., Brooke, R., & Fox, K. (1993). Assessment of children’s physical self-perceptions. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 4, 93-109.
[4] Browne, M. W., & Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In K. A. Bollen & J. S. Long (Eds.), Testing structural equation model (pp. 136-162). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
[5] Crocker, P., Eklund, R., & Kowalski, K. (2000). Children’s physical activity and physical self-perceptions. Journal of Sports Sciences, 18, 383-394.
[6] Crowne, D. P., & Marlowe, D. (1960). A new scale of social desirability independent of psychopathology. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 24, 349-354.
[7] Eklund, R. C., Whitehead, J. R., & Welk, G. J. (1997). Validity of the children and youth physical self-perception profile: A confirmatory factor analysis. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 68, 240256.
[8] Fox, K. R. (2000). Self-esteem, self-perceptions and exercise. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 31, 228-240.
[9] Fox, K. R., & Corbin, C. B. (1989). The physical self-perception profile: Development and preliminary validation. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 11, 408-430.
[10] Goudas, M., Kolovelonis, A., & Dermitzaki, I. (2013). Implementation of self-regulation interventions in physical education and sports contexts. In Bembenutty, H., Cleary, T., & Kitsantas, A. (Eds.), Applications of self-regulated learning across diverse disciplines: A tribute to Barry J. Zimmerman (pp. 383-415). Greenwich, CT: Information Age.
[11] Hagger, M., Ashford, B., & Stambulova, N. (1998). Russian and British children’s physical self-perceptions and physical activity participation. Pediatric Exercise Science, 10, 137-152.
[12] Hagger, M. S., Biddle, S., & Wang, J. (2005). Physical self-concept in adolescence: Generalizability of a multi-dimensional hierarchical model across gender and grade. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 65, 297-322.
[13] Harter, S. (1982). The perceived competence scale for children. Child Development, 53, 87-97.
[14] Harter, S. (1985). Manual for the self-perception profile for children. Denver, CO: University of Denver Press.
[15] Hoyle, R. H., & Panter, A. T. (1995).Writing about structural equation models. In R. H. Hoyle (Ed.), Structural equation modeling: Concepts, issues, and applications (pp. 158-176). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
[16] Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 1-55.
[17] Kolovelonis, A.,Goudas, M., Hassandra, M., & Dermitzaki, I. (2012). Self-regulated learning in physical education: Examining the effects of emulative and self-control practice. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 13, 383-389.
[18] Leger, L. A., Mercier, D., Gadoury, C., & Lambert, J. (1988). The multistage 20 meter shuttle run test for aerobic fitness. Journal of Sports Sciences, 6, 93-101.
[19] Makri-Botsari, E., & Robinson, P. (1991). Harter’s self-perception profile for children: A cross-cultural validation in Greece. Evaluation and Research in Education, 5, 135-143.
[20] Marsh, H. W. (1997). The measurement of physical self-concept: A construct validation approach. In K. R. Fox (Ed.), The physical self: From motivation to well-being (pp. 27-58). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
[21] Marsh, H. W., Craven, R. G., & Martin, A. J. (2006). What is the nature of self-esteem? Unidimensional and multidimensional perspectives. In M. H. Kernis (Ed.), Self-esteem issues and answers: A sourcebook of current perspectives (pp. 16-25). New York: Psychology Press.
[22] Parfitt, G., & Eston, R. G. (2005). The relationship between children’s habitual activity level and psychological well-being. Acta Paediatrica, 94, 1791-1797.
[23] Parfitt , G., Pavey, T., & Rowlands, A. V. (2009). Children’s physical activity and psychological health: The relevance of intensity. Acta Paediatrica, 98, 1037-1043.
[24] Raudsepp, L., Liblik, R., & Hannus, A. (2002). Children’s and adolescents’ physical self-perceptions as related to moderate to vigorous physical activity and physical fitness. Pediatric Exercise Science, 14, 97-106.
[25] Raustorp, A., Stahle, A., Gudasic, H., Kinnunen, A., & Mattsson, E. (2005). Physical activity and self-perception in school children assessed with the Children and Youth-Physical Self-Perception Profile. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 15, 126134.
[26] Satorra, A., & Bentler, P. M. (1994). Corrections to test statistics and standard errors in covariance structure analysis. In A. von Eye, & C. C. Clogg (Eds.), Latent variables analysis: Applications for developmental research (pp. 399-419). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
[27] Slutzky, C. B., & Simpkins, S. D. (2009).The link between children’s sport participation and self-esteem: Exploring the mediating role of sport self-concept. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 10, 381-389.
[28] Sonstroem, R. J., Harlow, L. L., & Josephs, L. (1994). Exercise and self-esteem: Validity of model expansion and exercise associations. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 16, 29-42.
[29] Welk, G. J., Corbin, C. B., & Lewis, L. A. (1995).Physical self-perceptions of high school athletes. Pediatric Exercise Science, 7, 152-161.
[30] Welk, G. J., & Eklund, B. (2005).Validation of the children and youth physical self perceptions profile for young children. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 6, 51-65.
[31] Whitehead, J. R. (1995). A study of children’s physical self-perceptions using an adapted physical self-perception profile questionnaire. Pediatric Exercise Science, 7, 132-151.
[32] Whitehead, R., & Corbin, C. B. (1991). Effects of fitness test type, teacher, and gender on exercise intrinsic motivation and physical self-worth. Journal of School Health, 61, 11-16.
[33] Whitehead, J. R., & Corbin, C. B. (1997). Self-esteem in children and youth: The role of sport and physical education. In K. R. Fox (Ed.) The physical self: From motivation to well-being (pp. 175-204). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.