Share This Article:

Architecture Design of an Integrated Communication and Broadcasting Network

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:661KB) PP. 936-950
DOI: 10.4236/wsn.2010.212112    5,123 Downloads   8,558 Views   Citations


Due to the power limitation of nodes in wire-less sensor networks (WSNs), how to maximize network lifetime has become a critical issue for deployment of WSNs. Although several schemes have been proposed for 2D WSNs, few for 3D WSNs are known. In this paper, we present a scheme to maximize network lifetime for 3D WSNs through balancing energy consumption, as an extension of the existing scheme for 2D WSNs proposed recently [1]. Same as [1], we formulate the energy consumption balancing problem as an problem of optimal distribution of transmitting data by combining the techniques of sphere-corona based network division, mixed-routing and data aggregation. We first present a Tiled-block based routing scheme in order to balance energy consumption among nodes in each sphere-corona. Then we design an algorithm to compute the optimal distribution ratio of transmitting data between direct and hop-by-hop transmission, with the purpose of balancing energy consumption among nodes across different sphere-coronas. We show maximizing network lifetime through computing the optimal number of sphere-coronas. Afterwards a energy consumption balanced data collecting protocol (ECBDC) is designed and a solution to extend ECBDC to largescale WSNs is also presented. Simulaiton results show that ECBDC is superior to conventional direct and multihop transmission schemes in network lifetime.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

W. Liu, J. Wu and H. Shen, "Architecture Design of an Integrated Communication and Broadcasting Network," Wireless Sensor Network, Vol. 2 No. 12, 2010, pp. 936-950. doi: 10.4236/wsn.2010.212112.


[1] H. Zhang and H. Shen, “Balancing Energy Consumption to Maximize Network Lifetime in Data-Gathering Sensor Networks,” IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems, Vol. 20, No. 10, 2009, pp. 1526-1539.
[2] I. F. Akyildiz, W. Su, Y. Sankarasubramaniam and E. Cayirci, “A Survey on Sensor Networks,” IEEE Commu- nications Magazine, August 2002, pp. 102-114.
[3] A. Brayner and R. Menezes, “Balancing Energy Consumption and Memory Usage in Sensor Data Processing,” Proceedings of the 2007 ACM Symposium on Applied Computing, Seoul, 11-15 March 2007.
[4] Y. Xu, J. Heidemann and D. Estrin, “Geography- Informed Energy Conservation for Ad Hoc Routing,” Proceedings of the 7th Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking, Rome, July 2001, pp. 70-84.
[5] D. J. Baker and A. Ephremides, “The Architectural Organization of a Mobile Radio Network via a Distributed Algorithm,” IEEE Transactions on Commu- nications, Vol. 29, No. 11, 1981, pp. 1694 -1701.
[6] A. Ephremides, J. E. Wieselthier and D. J. Baker, “A Design Concept for Reliable Mobile Radio Networks with Frequency Hopping Signaling,” Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 75, No. 1, 1987, pp. 56-73.
[7] M. Ettus, “System Capacity, Latency, and Power Consumption in Multihoprouted SS-CDMA Wireless Networks,” Proceedings of IEEE Radio and Wireless Conference, Colorado Springs, 9-12 August 1998, pp. 55-58.
[8] R. G. Gallager, P. A. Humblet and P. M. Spira, “A Distributed Algorithm for Minimum Weight Spanning Trees,” Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1979.
[9] T. H. Meng and V. Rodoplu, “Distributed Network Protocols for Wireless Communication,” Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Monterey, Vol. 4, June 1998, pp. IV-600-IV- 603.
[10] V. Rodoplu and T. H. Meng, “Minimum Energy Mobile Wireless Networks,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, Vol. 17, No.8, 1999, pp. 1333-1344.
[11] T. Shepard, “Decentralized Channel Management in Scalable Multihop Spread Spectrum Packet Radio Net- works,” Massachusetts Institute of Technology,1995.
[12] S. Singh, M. Woo and C. S. Raghavendra, “Power- Aware Routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks,” Proceed- ings of Fourth Annual ACM/IEEE International Con- ference on Mobile Computing and Networking, Dallas, October 1998, pp. 181-190.
[13] I. Akyildiz, W. Su, Y. Sankarasubramaniam and E. Cyirci, “Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey,” Computer Net- works, Vol. 38, No. 4, 2002, pp. 393-422.
[14] F. Zhao and L. Guibas, “Wireless Sensor Networks: An Information Processing Approach,” Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Massachusetts, 2004.
[15] C. Efthymiou, S. Nikoletseas and J. Rolim, “Energy Balanced Data Propagation in Wireless Sensor Net- works,” Wireless Networks, Vol. 12, No. 6, 2006, pp. 691-707.
[16] W. Guo, Z. Liu and G. Wu, “An Energy-Balanced Transmission Scheme for Sensor Networks,” Proceed- ings of the First International Conference Embedded Networked Sensor Systems, Los Angeles, 5-7 November 2003, pp. 300-301.
[17] O. Powell, P. Leone and J. Rolim, “Energy Optimal Data Propagation in Wireless Sensor Networks,” Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing, Vol. 67, No. 3, 2007, pp. 302-317.
[18] H. Zhang, H. Shen and Y. Tan, “Optimal Energy Balanced Data Gathering in Wireless Sensor Networks,” Proceedings of the 21st International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, Long Beach, 26-30 March 2007, pp. 1-10.
[19] A. Zhao, J. Yu and Z. Li, “A Data Aggregation Scheme in Wireless Sensor Networks for Structure Monitoring,” Proceedings of the 2009 International Conference on Information Management, Innovation Management and Industrial Engineering, Xi’an, 26-27 December 2009, Vol. 4, pp. 623-626.
[20] J. N. Al-Karaki, R. Ul-Mustafa and A. E. Kamal, “Data Aggregation and Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks: Optimal and Heuristic Algorithms,” Computer Networks, Vol. 53, No. 7, 2009, pp. 945-960.
[21] W. M. Lee and V. W. Wong, “E-Span and LPT for Data Aggregation in Wireless Sensor Networks,” Computer Communications, Vol. 29, No. 13-14, 2006, pp. 2506- 2520.
[22] W. Liao, Y. Kao and C. Fan, “Data Aggregation in Wireless Sensor Networks Using Ant Colony Algori- thm,” Journal of Network and Computer Applications, Vol. 31, No. 4, 2008, pp. 387-401.
[23] S. Ozdemir and Y. Xiao, “Secure Data Aggregation in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Comprehensive Over- view,” Computer Networks, Vol. 53, No. 12, 2009, pp. 2022-2037.
[24] S. Ozdemir, “Functional Reputation Based Reliable Data Aggregation and Transmission for Wireless Sensor Net- works,” Computer Communications, Vol. 31, No. 17 2008, pp. 3941-3953.
[25] W. R. Heinzelman, A. Chandrakasan and H. Balakrishnan, “Energy-Efficient Communication Protocol for Wireless Microsensor Networks,” Proceedings 33rd Hawaii Inter- national Conference System Sciences, Vol. 8, 2000, p. 8020.
[26] A. S. Malik, J. Kuang, J. Liu and W. Chong, “Energy Consumption and Lifetime Analysis in Cluster-Based Wireless Sensor Networks for Periodic Monitoring Applications,” Proceedings of the 2009 International Conference on Networks Security, Wireless Communica- tions and Trusted Computing, Wuhan, Vol. 1, 25-26 April 2009, pp. 657-661.
[27] Z. Zhang, “Towards Cluster Based Wireless Sensor Network Deployment Management and Network Coverage Verification,” Proceedings of the 11th Asia- Pacific Symposium on Network Operations and Manage- ment: Challenges For Next Generation Network Opera- tions and Service Management, Beijing, Vol. 5297, 22-24 October 2008, pp. 197-206.
[28] Y. Huang, N. Wang and M. Chen, “Performance of a Hierarchical Cluster-Based Wireless Sensor Network,” Proceedings of the 2008 IEEE international Conference on Sensor Networks, Ubiquitous, and Trustworthy Computing, Taichung, 11-13 June 2008, pp. 349-354.
[29] H. Su and X. Zhang, “Optimal Transmission Range for Cluster-Based Wireless Sensor Networks with Mixed Communication Modes,” Proceedings of the 2006 inter- national Symposium on World of Wireless, Mobile and Multimedia Networks, Buffalo, 26-29 June 2006, pp. 244-250.
[30] Y. Huang, N. Wang, C. Chen, J. Chen and Z. Guo, “Equalization of Energy Consumption at Cluster Head for Prolonging Lifetime in Cluster-Based Wireless Sensor Networks,” WSEAS Transactions on Communications, Vol. 8, No. 5, May 2009, pp. 427-436.
[31] A. T. Hoang and M. Motani, “Collaborative Broadcasting and Compression in Cluster-Based Wireless Sensor Networks,” ACM Transactions on Sensor Networks, Vol. 3, No. 3, 2007, p. 17.
[32] Y. Chang, J. Huang and T. Juang, “Dependable Data Aggregation on Cluster-Based Wireless Sensor Net- works,” Proceedings of the 11th Conference on 11th WSEAS international Conference on Communications, Crete Island, Vol. 11, 26-28 July 2007, pp.300-305.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.