Biefeld-Brown Effect and Space Curvature of Electromagnetic Field


With applying of new proposed electromagnetic gravity Lagrangian together with Einstein-Hilbert equation not zero space curvature was derived. The curvature gives “a priory” postulate of equivalence of mass and electro-magnetic field gravity properties. The non-zero trace of energy-stress tensor of electrical field changes space curvature of gravity mass, which yields to prediction of dependence of capacitor gravity mass from capacitor capacitance and voltage values, observed in Biefeld-Brown effect. The other, not observed prediction could be applied to coil gravity mass dependence from coil inductance and current values. New physical constant, electromagnetic field gravity constant αg, was introduced to conform with theoretical and experimental data.

Share and Cite:

A. Maknickas, "Biefeld-Brown Effect and Space Curvature of Electromagnetic Field," Journal of Modern Physics, Vol. 4 No. 8A, 2013, pp. 105-110. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2013.48A009.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] T. T. Brown, “A Method of and an Apparatus or Machine for Producing Force or Motion,” UK Patent No. 00.311, 1928.
[2] T. T. Brown, Science and Invention (Reprinted in Psychic Observer), Vol. 37, 1929, pp. 66-67.
[3] T. T. Brown, “Electrostatic Motor,” US Patent No. 1.974.483, 1934.
[4] T. T. Brown, “Electrokinetic Apparatus,” US Patent No. 2.949.550, 1960.
[5] T. T. Brown, “Electrokinetic Transducer,” US Patent No. 3.018.394, 1962.
[6] T. T. Brown, “Electrokinetic Generator,” US Patent No. 3.022.430, 1962.
[7] P. S. Christensen and E. A. and Møller, AIAA Journal, Vol. 5, 1967, pp. 1768-1773. doi:10.2514/3.4302
[8] M. Tajmar, AIAA Journal, Vol. 42, 2004, pp. 315-318. doi:10.2514/1.9095
[9] T. T. Brown, “Electrokinetic Apparatus,” US Patent No. 3.187.206, 1965.
[10] R. L. Talley, “21st Century Propulsion Concept, US Air Force Astronautics Lab., Final Rept. AFAL-TR-88-031”.
[11] R. L. Talley, “Twenty First Century Propulsion Concept,” US Air Force Propulsion Directorate.
[12] P. E. Williams, “The Possible Unifying Effect of the Dynamic Theory,” Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Los Alamos.
[13] K. Masuyama, “Performance Characterization of Electrohydrodynamic Propulsion Devices,” Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, 2012.
[14] D. Hilbert, Konigl. Gesell. d. Wiss. Gottingen, Nachr. Math.-Phys. Kl., 1915, pp. 395-407.
[15] S. M. Carroll, “Spacetime and Geometry,” Addison Wesley, Boston, 2004.
[16] A. Einstein, Annalen der Physik, Vol. 40, 1916, pp. 284-337.
[17] A. Einstein, “Relativity: The Special and General Theory,” Crown, New York, 1961.
[18] S. W. Hawking and G. F. R. Ellis, “The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time,” Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1994.
[19] R. C. Tolman, “Relativity, Thermodynamics and Cosmology,” Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1934.
[20] D. R. Buehler, Journal of Space Mixing, Vol. 2, 2004, pp. 1-22.
[21] E. M. Landau and L. D. Lifshitz, “The Classical Theory of Fields: Volume 2,” Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, 1980.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.