Brief review: management of lupus nephritis–randomized controlled trials: an update
Shih-Han S. Huang, Ainslie Hildebrand, William F. Clark
DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2011.12006   PDF   HTML     6,811 Downloads   13,735 Views  


Lupus nephritis leads to significant morbidity and mortality in patients with systemic lupus erythematous. Immunosuppressive agents are recommended in management of Class III, IV and V lupus nephritis. The goals of therapy are to control the disease and to prevent relapse while minimizing side-effects of therapy. Most of the evidences in managements of Class III and IV lupus nephritis comes from randomized controlled trials using intravenous cyclophosphamides, oral mycophenolate mofetil and oral azathioprine. In Class V lupus nephritis, there are few studies available and they have assessed the use of intravenous cyclophsophamide, oral mycophenolates mofetil and oral cyclosporine. In this review article, we have summarized the major randomized controlled trials in managements of Class III, IV and V lupus nephritis and offer an interpretation of the evidence to date.

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Huang, S. , Hildebrand, A. and Clark, W. (2011) Brief review: management of lupus nephritis–randomized controlled trials: an update. Open Journal of Internal Medicine, 1, 17-23. doi: 10.4236/ojim.2011.12006.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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