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Lay Perceptions about Tuberculosis among Non-UK-Born Black Africans in the United Kingdom

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DOI: 10.4236/jtr.2015.34023    3,411 Downloads   3,820 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Background: Tuberculosis among non-UK-born Black Africans has been gradually recognized as a public health problem in the UK despite the various interventions implemented. Objectives: To explore the perceptions of non-UK-born Black Africans about TB health risk; to explore the health seeking behavior of the non-UK-born Black Africans in relation to TB and to explore lay views on TB health education and screening as opportunities for health promotion. Methodology and Study Design: A qualitative methodology was used on a purposively selected sample of 12 non-UK-born Black Africans living in Leeds. Face-to-face interviews were conducted to explore the lay perceptions about TB. Thematic analysis was used to derive important themes in accordance to the study objectives. Ethical approval was provided by Leeds Metropolitan University. Setting: Community setting of non-UK-born Black Africans in Leeds, UK. Results: This population holds mixed views and perceptions about tuberculosis, few facilitators and many barriers existed to current TB prevention efforts. The barriers included: language barriers, barriers related to services and systems, immigration status and stigma despite the benefits involved. The potential for black African communities to readily increase the likelihood of behavior change was found as an important finding for this study. Conclusions: Tuberculosis is a preventable public health problem. Involvement of the non-UK-born black Africans communities in the TB prevention may be beneficial for reducing and tackling TB rates in this population. Such an approach is potentially inexpensive and more readily implementable than other suggested strategies such as changes to immigration policies.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Asiimwe, C. , Cross, R. and Haberer, J. (2015) Lay Perceptions about Tuberculosis among Non-UK-Born Black Africans in the United Kingdom. Journal of Tuberculosis Research, 3, 161-170. doi: 10.4236/jtr.2015.34023.

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