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Prognostic Factors for Cirrhosis Hospital in Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire)

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DOI: 10.4236/ojgas.2015.57017    3,698 Downloads   4,155 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Cirrhosis is the cause of a high rate of death in hospitals. The aim of this research was to estimate the incidence of mortality and identify the risk factors associated with cirrhosis patients in hospital in Cote d’Ivoire. Methodology: It is a retrospective study covering from January 1st, 2002 to December 31st, 2011 at Centre Hospitalier et Universitaire de Yopougon in Abidjan. We concerned the cirrhosis patients that have been followed at the hepatology and gastroenterology department. Survival was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier curve and comparison of survival curves by the log-rank test. The multi-varied analysis of the survivals has been achieved with the Cox proportional Hazard regression. A p value < 0.05 was taken as significant. Results: We recruited, 221 patients (135 men) of whom the medium age was 59 ± 15.12 years. Among those patients, 34.5% were classified as Child Pugh C and 52.94% Child Pugh B, 19.45% suffered from digestive hemorrhage, 26.5% suffered from renal deficiency, 47% suffered from hepatic encephalopathy and 10.7% from hyponatremia. The median overall survival of patients was 0.50 person-months. The variables that were significantly associated to a reduction of survival were hepatic encephalopathy (p = 0.0029), spontaneous ascitesfluid infection (p = 0.0208), hyponatremia (p = 0.0434) and stage Cof Child- Pugh score (p = 0.046). Conclusion: The incidence of mortality in cirrhotic patients hospitalized in Abidjan is high. Pejorative prognostic factors were essentially hepatic encephalopathy, spontaneous ascites fluid infection, hyponatremia and stage C of Child-Pugh score.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Bathaix, M. , Bagny, A. , Mahassadi, K. , Okon, A. , Kissi-Anzouan, Y. , Doffou, S. , Bangoura, A. , Kouamé, H. , Diallo, K. , N’Dam, A. , De, A. , Attia, K. and Yoman, A. (2015) Prognostic Factors for Cirrhosis Hospital in Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire). Open Journal of Gastroenterology, 5, 103-109. doi: 10.4236/ojgas.2015.57017.

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