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Risk Assessment and Risk Perception of Coronary Heart Disease in Gaza Strip, Palastine

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DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.621327    5,367 Downloads   6,081 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of coronary heart diseases (CHD) risk factors among Ghaza (Palastine) university students, to assess the CHD risk among them using a suitable scoring system and to identify how they perceive their risk of CHD. Methods: During the period from May 2008 to May 2009, 501 students were involved. Participants were subjected to the following activities; self administered questionnaire: including socio-demographic data, medical history of chronic diseases, family history about CHD, knowledge and perception of risk factors, anthropometric measurements in addition to laboratory testing. Results: The mean age was 20.8 ± 2.07 years; 54% were females. The prevalence of hypertension and DM was 3.6% and 0.4% while it was 2.6% for hypercholesterolemia. The mean levels of LDL-C (88 mg/dl vs 85.5 mg/dl) and HDL-C (52.4 mg/dl vs 42.6 mg/dl) were higher among females than among males. Smoking was more prevalent among males than among females (33.1% vs 1.7%) with a total prevalence of 19%. Overweight and obesity were more prevalent among males (30.7% vs 22.5% and 9.6% vs 5.6%). In contrast to risk perception female students tend to be more knowledgeable than males with regards to different aspects of CHD. The overall level of perceived risk was moderate. Logistic regression analysis revealed that age and sex were associated significantly by higher level of total perception (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Health education and health promotion programs should be implemented and integrated within the primary health care sectors and directed to university students before admission. Further research needed to be implemented on larger sample to test knowledge and perception of the public in regard to their risk for heart disease including school children and community so that education could be provided in a more focused manner.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Dabbak, H. and Arafa, M. (2014) Risk Assessment and Risk Perception of Coronary Heart Disease in Gaza Strip, Palastine. Health, 6, 2883-2893. doi: 10.4236/health.2014.621327.

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