Share This Article:

Experimental Evaluation of the Attenuation Effect of a Passive Damper on a Road Vehicle Bumper

Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:1434KB) PP. 192-200
DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2014.23021    2,592 Downloads   3,172 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

To mitigate the degree of damage to passengers caused by automobile collisions, a friction damper was built and used in experimental tests to test its effectiveness in impact energy attenuation. The study revealed that energy absorption capacity of a bumper can be improved with the addition of a friction damper. The results revealed that the addition of the friction damper to an automobile bumper to give a bumper-damper system could attenuate about 32.5 % more energy than with the bumper alone. It can be concluded that the effectiveness of automobile bumpers to withstand impact of vehicles by absorbing the kinetic energy from the impact can be improved with the use of a passive friction damper. That is, a passive friction damper system could be used to attenuate more road vehicle impact energy in collisions.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Agyei-Agyemang, A. , Obeng, G. and Andoh, P. (2014) Experimental Evaluation of the Attenuation Effect of a Passive Damper on a Road Vehicle Bumper. World Journal of Engineering and Technology, 2, 192-200. doi: 10.4236/wjet.2014.23021.

References

[1] BRRI (2006) Estimation of Cost of Road Traffic Accidents in Ghana.
[2] Appiah, N.J. (2009) Implementing a Decade of Action in Africa: Examples of Road Safety Interventions. National Road Safety Commission, Ghana. Proceedings of the Make Roads Safe Conference, Dares Salaam, 8-10 July 2009.
[3] Peden, M., Scurfield, R., Sleet, D., Mohan, D., Hyder, A.A., Jarawan, E. and Mathers, C. (2004) World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention. World Health Organization, Geneva.
[4] Brach, M.R. (2003) Modelling of Low Speed, Front-to-Rear Vehicle Impacts. Society of Automotive Engineers.
https://www.brachengineering.com/content/publications/SAE-2003-01-0491-Brach-Engineering.pdf
[5] Hoover, J. (2012) Dynamic Analysis of Whiplash; Mechanical and Industrial Engineering. University of Toronto.
https://tspace.library.utoronto.ca/bitstream/1807/32245/3/Hoover_Jeffery_BL_20123_MASc_thesis.pdf
[6] European Aluminium Association (EAA) (2013) The Aluminium Automotive Manual. Applications-Car Body-Crash Management Systems.
http://www.alueurope.eu/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/4_AAM_Crash-management-systems1.pdf
[7] Uddandapu Pradeep Kumar (2013) Impact Analysis on Car Bumper by Varying Speeds Using Materials ABS Plastic and Poly Ether Imide by Finite Element Analysis Software Solid Works. International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER), 3, 391-395
[8] Tomar, M. and Chakraborty, A. (2013) Design of Bumper as a Collision Energy Absorbing System. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, 3, 115-118.
[9] Schuster, P. (2004). Current Trends in Bumper Design for Pedestrian Impact: A Review of Design Concepts from Literature and Patents. Bumper Project, The American Iron and Steel Institute.
[10] FMVSS (1999) Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards and Regulations. U.S. Department of Transportation.
http://www.nhtsa.gov/cars/rules/import/FMVSS/index.html#P581
[11] NHTSA (1977) Bumper Standard, Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations Part 581. Washington DC, 49.
[12] Lametrie, C.W. (2001) A Literary Review of Structural Control: Earthquake Forces. Parksons Brinckerhoff Automotive Division, Warren, Michigan.
[13] Witteman, W. (2005) Adaptive Frontal Structure Design to Achieve Optimal Deceleration Pulses, Mechanics of Materials/Vehicle Safety, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, The Netherlands, Paper Number 05-0243.
http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pdf/ESV/esv19/05-0243-O.pdf
[14] King, D.J., Siegmund, G.P. and Bailey, M.N. (1993) Automobile Bumper Behaviour in Low-Speed Impacts. SAE Technical Paper Series, Society of Automotive Engineers.
http://trid.trb.org/view.aspx?id=382198
[15] Arthur, C. (1999) Practical Auto Crash Considerations in LOSRIC, Part III. Dynamic Chiropractic, 17.
[16] Grassie, S.L. (1987) Measurement and Attenuation of Load in Concrete Sleepers. Proceedings of Conference on Railway Engineering, Perth, 14-16 September 1987, 125-130.
[17] Grassie, S.L. (1989) Resilient Rail Pads: Their Dynamic Behaviour in the Laboratory and on Track. Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit, 203, 25-32.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1243/PIME_PROC_1989_203_205_02
[18] Esveld, C. (2001) Modern Railway Track. 2nd Edition, MRT-Productions, The Netherlands.
[19] Vangi, D. (2009) Simplified Method for Evaluating Energy Loss in Vehicle Collisions. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 41, 633-641.
[20] Kaewunruen, S. and Remennikov, A.M. (2007) Experimental Simulation of Railway Ballast in Laboratory and Its Verification Using Modal Testing, Experimental Techniques. (in Press)
[21] Kaewunruen, S. and Remennikov, A.M (2008) An Experimental Evaluation of the Attenuation Effect of Rail Pad on Flexural Behaviour of Railway Concrete Sleeper under Severe Impact Loads. Proceedings of Conference Australasian Structural Engineering Conference (ASEC), Melbourne, 2008, 522-531.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.