Successful Treatment of Cardiac Failure Due to Cardiomyopathy in Propionic Acidemia by Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy and Hemodialysis in a Young Adult


Propionic acidemia is an autosomal recessive disorder that is due to deficiency in the enzyme propionyl-CoA carboxylase. Cardiomyopathy is a well-known phenomenon in propionic acidemia that it may rapidly progress to death. Here we describe a case of propionic acidemia in a 27-year-old man who developed adult-onset secondary dilated cardiomyopathy. In early infancy he was diagnosed with propionic acidemia and was later noted to have mild mental retardation, mild renal failure, and optic nerve atrophy. Although he was in good energy status with a low-protein diet and carnitine supplementation, he was admitted to our university hospital with decompensate heart failure, which resulted in low-output cardiac syndrome with massive mitral regurgitation and left ventricular dyssynchrony. Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and continuous hemodiafiltration followed by hemodialysis (HD) dramatically improved his clinical status.

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Kimura, M. , Wakayama, Y. , Sakamoto, O. , Kawano, K. , Ohura, T. and Kure, S. (2014) Successful Treatment of Cardiac Failure Due to Cardiomyopathy in Propionic Acidemia by Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy and Hemodialysis in a Young Adult. Open Journal of Pediatrics, 4, 79-83. doi: 10.4236/ojped.2014.41011.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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